Rat that sniffed out landmines & unexploded bombs gets animal George Cross

2020/09/30 13:41

Today's Vocabulary

1. landmines (n)
a bomb that is put on or under the ground and that explodes when a person steps on it or a vehicle drives over it

2. sniffs out (phr. v)
to search
for and discover something

3. clicker (n) 
a small device
that you can press, for example to count, record, or control  something, or to make a small sound 

4. gallantry (n) 
polite and kind behaviour
towards women, especially when in public

5. scratch (v) 
to cut or damage a surface or your skin slightly
with or on something sharp or rough 

6. pitches (n) 
an area painted with lines for playing particular sports, especially football

Rat that sniffed out landmines & unexploded bombs gets animal George Cross

Magawa sniffed out 39 landmines and 28 unexploded bombs over an area the size of 20 football pitches. He was awarded the PDSA Gold Medal — the animal equivalent of the George Cross gallantry medal.

Giant pouched rat Magawa’s super-sensitive nose sniffs out the explosive compound TNT. The PDSA said: “Because he completely ignores any scrap metal lying around he is much faster at finding landmines than using a metal detector.

“Magawa can search the area of a ­tennis court in 30 minutes, something that would take a human with a metal detector up to four days.”

It’s the first time a rat has won the medal. All 29 previous gongs went to dogs.

Magawa was trained in Tanzania and flown to Cambodia, one of the world’s most heavily mined countries, to work with the charity Apopo.

Boss Christophe Cox said: “Rats speed up landmine detection using their amazing sense of smell and excellent memory. “We use clicker training to teach rats like Magawa to scratch at the earth above a landmine. “During training they hear a click and receive a tasty food reward for finding the correct target scent.

“Unlike metal detectors, the rats ignore scrap metal and only sniff out explosives.”

  1. What is your idea of bravery?
  2. What other animals do we need to recognise?
  3. Who is the bravest person you know?

“You cannot swim for new horizons until you have courage to lose sight of the shore.”

William Faulkner