WHO: Quitting Smoking Has Immediate Health Effects

2020/10/05 14:05

Today's Vocabulary

1. habit (n)
a something that a person does in a repeated or regular way

2. stroke (n)
a serious medical condition when a blood vessel in the brain breaks or is blocked

3. symptom (n)
a change in the body or mind that signals a disease is present

4. patch (n)
a piece of material that is stuck to the body which holds and spreads medicine

5. warning (n) 
something that makes you understand
there is a possible danger or problem or problem, especially one in the future 

6. threat (n)
a suggestion that something unpleasant or violent will happen, especially if a particular action or order is not followed

7. federation  (n) 
a group of organizations, countries, regions, etc. that have joined together to form a larger organization or government

WHO: Quitting Smoking Has Immediate Health Effects

The World Health Organization has released a new report this week linking the yearly deaths of 1.9 million people to tobacco use. The report was released for World Heart Day by the World Heart Federation and the University of Newcastle in Australia. It is a warning of the dangers of tobacco which can lead to heart disease.

Cardiovascular disease is the top cause of death on Earth, killing an estimated 17.9 million people every year. The World Health Organization, or WHO, reports smoking and second-hand smoke are responsible for nearly two million of these deaths.

Reudigar Krech is Director for Health Promotion at the WHO. He told VOA that even life-long smokers who quit their deadly habit can prevent dying too soon from heart attack or stroke.

Tobacco use presents the biggest threat. But other major risks for heart disease include lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, high blood pressure and cholesterol and being overweight.

In addition, the WHO warns that high blood pressure and heart disease increase the risk of severe COVID-19. Krech said people are beginning to understand that smoking during a health crisis is not a good idea.

“There are about 400 million people who want to quit smoking because of COVID-19,” Krech said. He also said people know that they could develop more severe symptoms if they smoke. While it is not easy to quit smoking, tools such as nicotine patches are available to help.

However, the WHO warns against using smokeless tobacco, which every year it says, is linked to about 200,000 deaths from heart disease. The United Nations health agency adds that e-cigarettes also raise blood pressure. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart disease as well as COVID-19.

Krech said governments can help people to quit by supporting some simple measures. They can create smoke-free areas, ban tobacco advertising and raise taxes on tobacco products.

Resource: https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/who-quitting-smoking-has-immediate-health-effects/5601961.html

  1. What are some health problems that smoking can cause?
  2. Will you be attracted to people who smoke? Why or why not?
  3. What are the advantages of smoking, in your opinion?

“Smoking is suicide by instalments.”

H.M. Forester