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Unit 03 :
Architecture and Buildings
Let’s learn about different kinds of architecture and buildings!
1. apartment /əˈpɑːrt.mənt/
a set of rooms for living in, especially on one floor of a building
They have six luxury apartments for sale.
2. dormitory /ˈdɔːr.mə.tɔːr.i/
a large room containing many beds, for example in a boarding school
3. condominium /ˌkɑːn.dəˈmɪn.i.əm/
an apartment in a condominium
4. townhouse /ˈtaʊn.haʊs/
a house that is joined to another house
5. cabin /ˈkæb.ɪn/
a small, simple house made of wood
a log cabin
6. mansion /ˈmæn.ʃən/
a very large, expensive house
The street is lined with enormous mansions where the rich and famous live.
7. duplex /ˈduː.pleks/
a set of rooms for living in that are on two floors of a building
8. farmhouse /ˈfɑːrm.haʊs/
the main house on a farm where the farmer lives
9. chalet /ˈʃæl.eɪ/
a small wooden house found in mountain areas, especially in Switzerland, or a house built in a similar style, especially one used by people on holiday
10. villa /ˈvɪl.ə/
a house, usually in the countryside or near the sea, especially in southern Europe, and often one that people can rent for a holiday
They have a villa in Spain.
Describe to your tutor what you see in these pictures.
11. construction /kənˈstrʌk.ʃən/
What’s that concrete and metal construction over there?
12. skyscraper /ˈskaɪˌskreɪ.pɚ/
a very tall modern building, usually in a city
13. habitation /ˌhæb.əˈteɪ.ʃən/
the act of living in a building
unfit for human habitation
14. landscape /ˈlænd.skeɪp/
to change the appearance of an area of land, especially next to a building or road so that it looks more like natural countryside
15. architect /ˈɑːr.kə.tekt/
a person whose job is to design new buildings and make certain that they are built correctly
16. interior design /ɪnˌtɪr.i.ɚ dɪˈzaɪn/
the art of planning the decoration of the inside of a building such as a house or office
17. aesthetics /esˈθet̬.ɪks/
the formal study of art, especially in relation to the idea of beauty
18. magnificent /mæɡˈnɪf.ə.sənt/
very good, beautiful, or deserving to be admired
They live in a magnificent Tudor house.
19. spectacular /spekˈtæk.jə.lɚ/
very exciting to look at
There was a spectacular sunset last night.
20. feng shui /ˌfʊŋ ˈʃweɪ/
an ancient Chinese belief that the way your house is built or the way that you arrange objects affects your success, health, and happiness
It’s good feng shui to have a loving animal in your home.
Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.
1. skyscraper__ 2. construction__ 3. farmhouse__ 4. townhouse__ 5. habitation__
a) a building
b) a very tall modern building, usually in a city
c) the act of living in a building
d) the main house on a farm where the farmer lives
e) a house that is joined to another house
21. blueprint /ˈbluː.prɪnt/
a photographic copy of an early plan for a building or machine
22. horizontal /ˌhɔːr.ɪˈzɑːn.t̬əl/
parallel to the ground or to the bottom or top edge of something
a horizontal line, surface, or position
Rotate it slowly from the horizontal into a vertical position.
23. vertical /ˈvɝː.t̬ə.kəl/
standing or pointing straight up or at an angle of 90° to a horizontal surface or line
a vertical line, surface, or position
In a two-stage operation, the steel structure will be raised to the vertical.
24. cement /səˈment/
a grey powder that is mixed with water and sand to make mortar or with water, sand, and small stones to make concrete
to put cement on a surface or stick things together using cement
a bag of cement
25. steel /stiːl/
a strong metal that is a mixture of iron and carbon, used for making things that need a strong structure, especially vehicles and buildings
26. rebar /ˈriː.bɑːr/
steel in the form of bars or a mesh (= wires that cross over each other), put inside concrete to make it stronger
27. minimalistic /ˌmɪn.ə.məˈlɪs.tɪk/
using the smallest range of materials and colors possible, and only very simple shapes or forms
28. luxurious /lʌɡˈʒʊr.i.əs/
very comfortable and expensive
They have a very luxurious house.
29. contemporary /kənˈtem.pə.rer.i/
existing or happening now
30. baroque /bəˈrɑːk/
relating to the heavily decorated style in buildings, art, and music that was popular in Europe in the 17th century and the early part of the 18th century
Discuss the questions with your tutor.
Talk about the last time you visited a famous building or monument. What was it? How did it look?
- Describe your dream house.