Unit 02 :
Road and Transport



Let’s learn about different kinds of road and transport!

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Part 1

1. subway /ˈsʌb.weɪ/
a railway system in which electric trains travel through tunnels below ground

A guy gave me his seat on the subway.

2. railway /ˈreɪl.weɪ/
the metal tracks on which trains run

We live close to the railway line.

3. platform /ˈplæt.fɔːrm/

a long, flat raised structure at a railway station, where people get on and off trains

4. interchange /ˌɪn.t̬ɚˈtʃeɪndʒ/
a junction at which smaller roads meet a main road

5. transit /ˈtræn.zɪt/
the movement of goods or people from one place to another

a rapid-transit train

6. ferry /ˈfer.i/
a boat or ship for taking passengers and often vehicles across an area of water, especially as a regular service

We’re going to the Channel Islands by/on the ferry.

7. cruise /kruːz/
a journey on a large ship for pleasure, during which you visit several places
to travel on ships for pleasure

8. yacht /jɑːt/

a boat with sails and sometimes an engine, used for either racing or traveling on for pleasure

a luxury yacht

9. jeep /dʒiːp/
a brand name for a type of small strong vehicle used for traveling over rough ground, especially by the army

10. helicopter /ˈhel.əˌkɑːp.tɚ/
a type of aircraft without wings, that has one or two sets of large blades that go round very fast on top. It can land and take off vertically and can stay in one place in the air

The injured were ferried to hospital by helicopter.

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Exercise 1

How many road signs do you know?
Try to discuss with your tutor.

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Part 2

11. block /blɑːk/
the distance along a street from where one road crosses it to the place where the next road crosses it, or one part of a street like this, especially in a town or city

My friend and I live on the same block.

12. tunnel /ˈtʌn.əl/
a long passage under or through the ground, especially one made by people

The train went into the tunnel.

13. intersection /ˌɪn.t̬ɚˈsek.ʃən/
the place where two or more roads join or cross each other

Turn right at the next intersection.

14. highway /ˈhaɪ.weɪ/
a public road, especially an important road that joins cities or towns together

a coastal/interstate highway

15. roundabout /ˈraʊnd.ə.baʊt/
a place where three or more roads join and traffic must go around a circular area in the middle, rather than straight across

16. ramp /ræmp/
an artificial slope
a short road on which vehicles join or leave a main road

I pushed the wheelchair up the ramp and into the supermarket.

17. crosswalk /ˈkrɑːs.wɑːk/
a place on a road, especially one where there is a lot of traffic, across which wide, black and white lines are painted, and at which vehicles must stop to allow people to walk across the road

18. sidewalk /ˈsaɪd.wɑːk/
a path with a hard surface on one or both sides of a road, that people walk on

Keep on the sidewalk, Rosie, there’s a good girl.

19. overpass /ˈoʊ.vɚ.pæs/
a bridge that carries a road or railway over another road

20. shoulder /ˈʃoʊl.dɚ/

an area along the side of a main road where cars can stop

There were tire tracks left in the soft shoulder.

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Exercise 2

There are some situations that we may occur on the road.

1. pull over                             路邊停車

2. pick up                               接(某人)上車   

3. drop off                               送(某人)下車

4. tow away                             拖吊車輛

5. hit and run                           肇事逃逸

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Part 3

21. avenue /ˈæv.ə.nuː/
a wide road with trees or tall buildings on both sides, or a wide country path or road with trees on both sides

22. carriageway /ˈker.ɪdʒ.weɪ/
one of the two halves of a main road

23. alley /ˈæl.i/
a narrow road or path between buildings

24. dead end /ˌded ˈend/
a road that is closed at one end, and does not lead anywhere

a dead-end street

25. lane /leɪn/
a narrow road in the countryside or in a town

He drives so fast along those narrow country lanes.

26. footbridge /ˈfʊt.brɪdʒ/
a narrow bridge that is only used by people who are walking

27. landmark /ˈlænd.mɑːrk/
a building or place that is easily recognized, especially one that you can use to judge where you are

The Rock of Gibraltar is one of Europe’s most famous landmarks.

28. stoplight /ˈstɑːp.laɪt/
one of a set of red, yellow, and green lights that control the movement of vehicles, usually at a point where two or more roads join

The police pulled him over for failing to stop at a red stoplight.

29. hydrant /ˈhaɪ.drənt/
a vertical pipe, usually at the side of the road, that is connected to the main water system of a town and can supply water, especially for dealing with fires

a fire hydrant

30. traffic cone /ˈtræf.ɪk ˌkoʊn/
a cone-shaped object that is usually red and white or yellow, used to keep vehicles away from an area of road temporarily, usually because repairs are being done to it

One lane of the road was closed off by traffic cones.

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Exercise 3

Discuss the questions with your tutor.

  1. What kind of transportation do you use most often?

  2. Is there any environmentally-friendly transportation in your area?