Unit 03 :
Birth, Life, and Death



Let’s learn about different kinds of Birth, Life, and Death.

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Part 1

1. pregnant /ˈpreɡ.nənt/
(adj.) 懷孕的,妊娠的
(of a woman and some female animals) having a baby or babies developing inside the womb

She’s five and a half months pregnant.

2. birth /bɝːθ/
the time when a baby or young animal comes out of its mother’s body

More men are present at the births of their children these days.

3. breast milk /ˈbrest ˌmɪlk/
milk produced by a woman’s body to feed her baby very attractive

4. diaper /ˈdaɪ.pɚ/
a square of thick soft paper or cloth that is fastened around a baby’s bottom and between its legs to absorb its urine and solid waste

She was changing the baby’s diaper.

5. baptism /ˈbæp.tɪ.zəm/
a Christian ceremony in which a person has water poured on their head, in order to show that that person has become a member of the Christian Church

infant baptism

6. pram /præm/
(n.) 手推童車,嬰兒車
a vehicle for moving a baby around that consists of a small bed supported by a frame on four wheels

I saw her pushing a pram down the street.

7. toddler /ˈtɑːd.lɚ/
(n.) (尤指處於學步期或剛學會走路的)幼童
a young child, especially one who is learning or has recently learned to walk

8. preschooler /ˈpriːˌskuː.lɚ/
(n.) 學齡前兒童
a child who is not old enough to go to formal school

9. teenager /ˈtiːnˌeɪ.dʒɚ/
(n.)( 13歲至19歲的)青少年
a young person between 13 and 19 years old

The magazine is aimed at teenagers and young adults.

10. adult/ˈæd.ʌlt/  
(n.) 成年人;成年動物
a person or animal that has grown to full size and strength

Adults pay an admission charge but children get in free.

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Exercise 1

Use the vocabulary you’ve learned to describe these pictures.

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Part 2

11. graduate /ˈɡrædʒ.u.ət/
to complete a first university degree successfully
a person who has a first degree from a university or college

Tom has just graduated with first-class honors in psychology.

12. work /wɝːk/
an activity, such as a job, that a person uses physical or mental effort to do, usually for money
to do a job, especially the job you do to earn money, or to make someone do a job

She worked as a cleaner at the hospital.

13. marriage /ˈmer.ɪdʒ/
a legally accepted relationship between two people in which they live together, or the official ceremony that results in this

They had a long and happy marriage.

14. housewife /ˈhaʊs.waɪf/
a woman whose work is inside the home, doing the cleaning, cooking, etc., and who usually does not have any other job

15. house husband /ˈhaʊs ˌhʌz.bənd/
a man who stays at home and cleans the house, takes care of the children, etc. while his partner goes out to work

16. retire /rɪˈtaɪr/
to leave your job or stop working because of old age or ill health

Since retiring from the company, she has done voluntary work for a charity.

17. pensioner /ˈpen.ʃən.ɚ/
a person who receives a pension, especially the government pension given to old people

Students and pensioners are entitled to a discount.

18. widow /ˈwɪd.oʊ/
a woman whose husband or wife has died and who has not married again
If someone has been widowed, their husband or wife has died

He was widowed at the age of 52.

19. divorce /dɪˈvɔːrs/
an official or legal process to end a marriage
to end your marriage by an official or legal process

Divorce is on the increase.

20. engaged /ɪnˈɡeɪdʒd/

having formally agreed to marry

Debbie and Christa have just got engaged.

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Exercise 2

Circle the word that has the same meaning.

1.to complete a first university degree successfully




2.a woman whose husband or wife has died and who has not married again




3.having formally agreed to marry




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Part 3

21. die /daɪ/
to stop living or existing, either suddenly or slowly

Twelve people died in the accident.

22. illness /ˈɪl.nəs/
a disease of the body or mind

23. funeral /ˈfjuː.nɚ.əl/
a (usually religious) ceremony for burying or burning the body of a dead person

The funeral will be held next Friday.

24. burial /ˈber.i.əl/
the act of putting a dead body into the ground, or the ceremony connected with this

We went back to Ireland for my uncle’s burial.

25. grave /ɡreɪv/
a place in the ground where a dead person is buried
seriously bad

He visits his mother’s grave every Sunday.

26. heir /er/
a person who will legally receive money, property, or a title from another person, especially an older member of the same family, when that other person dies

Despite having a large family, they still had no son and heir.

27. undertaker /ˈʌn.dɚˌteɪ.kɚ/
a person whose job is to prepare dead bodies that are going to be buried or cremated (= burned) and to organize funerals

28. adopt /əˈdɑːpt/
to legally take another person’s child into your own family and take care of him or her as your own child

They have no children of their own, but they’re hoping to adopt.

29. orphan /ˈɔːr.fən/
a child whose parents are dead
to make someone an orphan

He was orphaned as a baby.

30. orphanage /ˈɔːr.fən.ɪdʒ/
a home for children whose parents are dead or unable to care for them

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Exercise 3

Discuss the questions with your tutor.

  1. How we can help orphans?
  2. What are the problems faced by orphans?
  3. What is the importance of orphanage?