Unit 01 :


Let’s learn about different kinds of Personality!

material icon

Part 1

1. brave /breɪv/
(adj.) 勇敢的,無畏的
showing no fear of dangerous or difficult things
(v.) 勇敢面對;冒(風險)
to deal with an unpleasant or difficult situation

She was very brave to learn to ski at 50.

2. chatty /ˈtʃæt̬.i/
liking to talk a lot in a friendly, informal way

3. clever /ˈklev.ɚ/
having or showing the ability to learn and understand things quickly and easily

Judy has never been very clever, but she tries hard.

4. cowardly /ˈkaʊ.ɚd.li/
in a way that is not at all brave and tries to avoid danger

5. easy-going /ˌiː.ziˈɡoʊ.ɪŋ/
relaxed and not easily upset or worried

a friendly, easy-going type of guy

6. friendly /ˈfrend.li/
behaving in a pleasant, kind way towards someone
(n.) 友誼賽
a game that is played for enjoyment and in order to practise, not with the aim of winning points as part of a serious competition

I’m on friendly terms with my daughter’s teacher.

7. funny /ˈfʌn.i/
humorous; causing laughter

Do you know any funny jokes?

8. generous /ˈdʒen.ər.əs/
willing to give money, help, kindness, etc., especially more than is usual or expected

She’s been very generous with her time.

9. grumpy /ˈɡrʌm.pi/
easily annoyed and complaining

I hadn’t had enough sleep and was feeling kind of grumpy.

10. hard-working /ˌhɑːrdˈwɝː.kɪŋ/
(adj.) 工作努力的,勤奮的
always doing a lot of work

She was always very hard-working at school.

material icon

Exercise 1

What is your personality?
How about your best friend? Are you the same personality as him/her?
Share your answer with your tutor.

material icon

Part 2

11. honest /ˈɑː.nɪst/
(adj.) 誠實的,可信的
telling the truth or able to be trusted and not likely to steal, cheat, or lie

She’s completely honest.

12. kind /kaɪnd/
(adj.) 寬容的;有益的;體貼的generous, helpful, and thinking about other people’s feelings
(n.) 種類
a group with similar characteristics, or a particular type

She’s a very kind and thoughtful person.

13. lazy /ˈleɪ.zi/
not willing to work or use any effort

He’s too lazy to walk to work.

14. lucky /ˈlʌk.i/
(adj.) 幸運的,走運的
having good things happen to you by chance

He’s lucky that he wasn’t fired.

15. moody /ˈmuː.di/
(adj.) 心情多變的,喜怒無常的
If someone is moody, their moods change suddenly and they become angry or unhappy easily.

16. neat /niːt/
(adj.) (人)愛整潔的,有條理的
Neat people like to keep themselves, their house, and their possessions tidy and in good order

Hassan is the neatest child I’ve ever met – even his shoes are clean!

17. nervous /ˈnɝː.vəs/
(adj.) 擔心的;緊張不安的
worried and anxious

She’s always been nervous around dogs.

18. polite /pəˈlaɪt/
behaving in a way that is socially correct and shows understanding of and care for other people’s feelings

She sent me a polite letter thanking me for my invitation.

19. quiet /ˈkwaɪ.ət/
(adj.) 安靜的
making very little noise
the state of being silent

She spoke in a quiet voice so as not to wake him.

20. popular /ˈpɑː.pjə.lɚ/
liked, enjoyed, or supported by many people

How popular is Madonna among/with teenagers?

material icon

Exercise 2

Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.

  1. lazy__   2. kind __   3. polite __  

a) generous, helpful, and thinking about other people’s feelings

b) not willing to work or use any effort

c) behaving in a way that is socially correct and shows understanding of and care for other people’s feelings

material icon

Part 3

21. rude /ruːd/
(adj.) 不禮貌的;粗魯的
not polite; offensive or embarrassing

He’s a very rude man.

22. selfish /ˈsel.fɪʃ/
(adj.) 自私的
Someone who is selfish only thinks of their own advantage

23. serious /ˈsɪr.i.əs/
(adj.) 嚴肅的,認真的
not joking or intended to be funny

He was wearing a very serious expression and I knew something was wrong.

24. shy /ʃaɪ/
(adj.) 害羞的,羞怯的
nervous and uncomfortable with other people

He was too shy to ask her to dance with him.

25. silly /ˈsɪl.i/
(adj.) 愚蠢的,傻的
showing little thought or judgment

26. smart /smɑːrt/
intelligent, or able to think quickly or intelligently in difficult situations

I’m not smart enough to understand computers.

27. stupid /ˈstuː.pɪd/
(adj.) 愚蠢的;糊塗的
silly or unwise; showing poor judgment or little intelligence

28. vain /veɪn/
(adj.) 虛榮的;自負的
too interested in your own appearance or achievements

29. wise /waɪz/
(adj.) 明智的;英明的;聰明的
having or showing the ability to make good judgments, based on a deep understanding and experience of life

I think you made a wise choice.

30. nasty /ˈnæs.ti/
(adj.) 不友善的,惡意的

material icon

Exercise 3

Sort these vocabularies according to positive or negative meaning.