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Unit 01 :
Let’s learn about different kinds of Personality!
1. brave /breɪv/
showing no fear of dangerous or difficult things
to deal with an unpleasant or difficult situation
She was very brave to learn to ski at 50.
2. chatty /ˈtʃæt̬.i/
liking to talk a lot in a friendly, informal way
3. clever /ˈklev.ɚ/
having or showing the ability to learn and understand things quickly and easily
Judy has never been very clever, but she tries hard.
4. cowardly /ˈkaʊ.ɚd.li/
in a way that is not at all brave and tries to avoid danger
5. easy-going /ˌiː.ziˈɡoʊ.ɪŋ/
relaxed and not easily upset or worried
a friendly, easy-going type of guy
6. friendly /ˈfrend.li/
behaving in a pleasant, kind way towards someone
a game that is played for enjoyment and in order to practise, not with the aim of winning points as part of a serious competition
I’m on friendly terms with my daughter’s teacher.
7. funny /ˈfʌn.i/
humorous; causing laughter
Do you know any funny jokes?
8. generous /ˈdʒen.ər.əs/
willing to give money, help, kindness, etc., especially more than is usual or expected
She’s been very generous with her time.
9. grumpy /ˈɡrʌm.pi/
easily annoyed and complaining
I hadn’t had enough sleep and was feeling kind of grumpy.
10. hard-working /ˌhɑːrdˈwɝː.kɪŋ/
always doing a lot of work
She was always very hard-working at school.
What is your personality?
How about your best friend? Are you the same personality as him/her?
Share your answer with your tutor.
11. honest /ˈɑː.nɪst/
telling the truth or able to be trusted and not likely to steal, cheat, or lie
She’s completely honest.
12. kind /kaɪnd/
(adj.) 寬容的；有益的；體貼的generous, helpful, and thinking about other people’s feelings
a group with similar characteristics, or a particular type
She’s a very kind and thoughtful person.
13. lazy /ˈleɪ.zi/
not willing to work or use any effort
He’s too lazy to walk to work.
14. lucky /ˈlʌk.i/
having good things happen to you by chance
He’s lucky that he wasn’t fired.
15. moody /ˈmuː.di/
If someone is moody, their moods change suddenly and they become angry or unhappy easily.
16. neat /niːt/
Neat people like to keep themselves, their house, and their possessions tidy and in good order
Hassan is the neatest child I’ve ever met – even his shoes are clean!
17. nervous /ˈnɝː.vəs/
worried and anxious
She’s always been nervous around dogs.
18. polite /pəˈlaɪt/
behaving in a way that is socially correct and shows understanding of and care for other people’s feelings
She sent me a polite letter thanking me for my invitation.
19. quiet /ˈkwaɪ.ət/
making very little noise
the state of being silent
She spoke in a quiet voice so as not to wake him.
20. popular /ˈpɑː.pjə.lɚ/
liked, enjoyed, or supported by many people
How popular is Madonna among/with teenagers?
Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.
- lazy__ 2. kind __ 3. polite __
a) generous, helpful, and thinking about other people’s feelings
b) not willing to work or use any effort
c) behaving in a way that is socially correct and shows understanding of and care for other people’s feelings
21. rude /ruːd/
not polite; offensive or embarrassing
He’s a very rude man.
22. selfish /ˈsel.fɪʃ/
Someone who is selfish only thinks of their own advantage
23. serious /ˈsɪr.i.əs/
not joking or intended to be funny
He was wearing a very serious expression and I knew something was wrong.
24. shy /ʃaɪ/
nervous and uncomfortable with other people
He was too shy to ask her to dance with him.
25. silly /ˈsɪl.i/
showing little thought or judgment
26. smart /smɑːrt/
intelligent, or able to think quickly or intelligently in difficult situations
I’m not smart enough to understand computers.
27. stupid /ˈstuː.pɪd/
silly or unwise; showing poor judgment or little intelligence
28. vain /veɪn/
too interested in your own appearance or achievements
29. wise /waɪz/
having or showing the ability to make good judgments, based on a deep understanding and experience of life
I think you made a wise choice.
30. nasty /ˈnæs.ti/
Sort these vocabularies according to positive or negative meaning.