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Unit 06 :
Cooking and Seasoning 烹飪與調味
Let’s learn about different kinds of cooking and seasoning!
1. chop /tʃɑːp/
to cut something into pieces with an axe, knife, or other sharp instrument
a small piece of meat with a bone still in it
Chop the onions and carrots roughly.
2. slice /slaɪs/
to cut something into thin, flat pieces
a flat, often thin, piece of food that has been cut from a larger piece
3. dice /daɪs/
to cut food into small squares
a small cube with a different number of spots on each side, used in games involving chance
Peel and dice the potatoes.
to rub food against a grater in order to cut it into a lot of small pieces
a metal structure that holds coal or wood in a fireplace
5. peel /piːl/
to remove the skin of fruit and vegetables
the skin of fruit and vegetables, especially after it has been removed
6. boil /bɔɪl/
to cook food by putting it in water that is boiling
the act of washing or cooking something in very hot water
7. fry /fraɪ/
to cook food in hot oil or fat
young, small fish
8. simmer /ˈsɪm.ɚ/
to cook something liquid, or something with liquid in it, at a temperature slightly below boiling
Leave the vegetables to simmer for a few minutes.
9. roast /roʊst/
to cook food in an oven or over a fire
Roast meat or vegetables have been cooked in an oven or over a fire
Just roast the chicken in the oven and baste it in oil and lemon.
10. bake /beɪk/
to cook inside an oven, without using added liquid or fat
a baked potato
11. mix /mɪks/
to combine, so that the result cannot easily be separated into its parts
Mix the eggs into the flour.
12. marinade /ˌmer.ɪˈneɪd/
Pour the marinade over the beef and leave it for 24 hours.
13. beat /biːt/
to mix something repeatedly using a utensil such as a spoon or whisk
To make an omelet you first beat the eggs.
to mix a liquid or other substance by moving an object such as a spoon in a circular pattern
the act of stirring a liquid or other substance in order to mix it
She paused to stir some milk into her coffee.
15. strain /streɪn/
to separate liquid food from solid food, especially by pouring it through a utensil with small holes in it
a force or influence that stretches, pulls, or puts pressure on something, sometimes causing damage
to add a liquid, especially a mixture of oil and vinegar, to a salad for extra flavor
a piece of clothing for women or girls that covers the top half of the body and hangs down over the legs
a dressed salad
to provide food or drinks
in sports such as tennis, the act of hitting the ball to the other player to start play
Do they serve meals in the bar?
18. vinegar /ˈvɪn.ə.ɡɚ/
a sharp-tasting liquid, made especially from sour wine, malt, or cider, that is used to add flavor to or to preserve food
19. soy sauce /ˌsɔɪ ˈsɑːs/
a strong-tasting, dark brown liquid made from fermented soya beans and used especially in Chinese and Japanese cooking
20. olive oil /ˌɑː.lɪv ˈɔɪl/
a yellow or green oil, made by pressing olives
21. mustard /ˈmʌs.tɚd/
thick yellow or brown sauce that tastes spicy and is eaten cold in small amounts, especially with meat
22. pepper /ˈpep.ɚ/
a grey or white powder produced by crushing dry peppercorns, used to give a spicy, hot taste to food
black pepper 黑胡椒
red pepper 紅胡椒
23. sugar /ˈʃʊɡ.ɚ/
a sweet substance especially from the plants sugar cane and sugar beet, used to make food and drinks sweet
24. ginger /ˈdʒɪn.dʒɚ/
the spicy root of a tropical plant that is used in cooking or preserved in sugar
ground (= powdered) ginger
25. garlic /ˈɡɑːr.lɪk/
a plant of the onion family that has a strong taste and smell and is used in cooking to add flavor
26. vanilla /vəˈnɪl.ə/
a substance made from the seeds of a tropical plant, used to give flavor to sweet foods
used to describe a product or service that is basic and has no special features
Add two teaspoons of vanilla and stir.
27. basil /ˈbeɪ.zəl/
a herb with a sweet smell that is used to add flavor in cooking
28. mint /mɪnt/
a herb whose leaves have a strong, fresh smell and taste and are used for giving flavor to food
29. rosemary /ˈroʊz.mer.i/
a bush whose leaves are used to add flavor in cooking and are used in some perfumes, or the leaves themselves
a plant whose leaves or seeds are added to food to give a special flavor
31. cinnamon /ˈsɪn.ə.mən/
the bark of a tropical tree, or a brown powder made from this, used as a spice to give a particular taste to food, especially sweet food
Describe to your tutor about what you see in this picture.