Unit 06 :
Cooking and Seasoning 烹飪與調味


Let’s learn about different kinds of cooking and seasoning!

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Part 1

1. chop /tʃɑːp/
(v.) 剁碎
to cut something into pieces with an axe, knife, or other sharp instrument
a small piece of meat with a bone still in it

Chop the onions and carrots roughly. 

2. slice /slaɪs/
to cut something into thin, flat pieces
a flat, often thin, piece of food that has been cut from a larger piece

3. dice /daɪs/

to cut food into small squares
a small cube with a different number of spots on each side, used in games involving chance

Peel and dice the potatoes.

4. grate/ɡreɪt/
to rub food against a grater in order to cut it into a lot of small pieces
a metal structure that holds coal or wood in a fireplace

grated cheese 

5. peel /piːl/
to remove the skin of fruit and vegetables
the skin of fruit and vegetables, especially after it has been removed

6. boil  /bɔɪl/
to cook food by putting it in water that is boiling
(n.) 煮;烹煮
the act of washing or cooking something in very hot water

boiled carrots 

7. fry /fraɪ/
(v.) 油炸

to cook food in hot oil or fat
young, small fish

8. simmer /ˈsɪm.ɚ/
(v.) 燉、煨

to cook something liquid, or something with liquid in it, at a temperature slightly below boiling

Leave the vegetables to simmer for a few minutes. 

9. roast /roʊst/

to cook food in an oven or over a fire
Roast meat or vegetables have been cooked in an oven or over a fire

Just roast the chicken in the oven and baste it in oil and lemon.  

10. bake  /beɪk/

to cook inside an oven, without using added liquid or fat

 a baked potato 

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Part 2

11. mix /mɪks/
to combine, so that the result cannot easily be separated into its parts
a combination

Mix the eggs into the flour. 

12. marinade /ˌmer.ɪˈneɪd/

Pour the marinade over the beef and leave it for 24 hours.

13. beat /biːt/

to mix something repeatedly using a utensil such as a spoon or whisk

To make an omelet you first beat the eggs.

14. stir/stɝː/
(v.) 攪拌

to mix a liquid or other substance by moving an object such as a spoon in a circular pattern
(n.) 攪動
the act of stirring a liquid or other substance in order to mix it

She paused to stir some milk into her coffee.

15. strain /streɪn/
to separate liquid food from solid food, especially by pouring it through a utensil with small holes in it
(n.) 壓力;張力;作用力
a force or influence that stretches, pulls, or puts pressure on something, sometimes causing damage

16. dress/dres/
to add a liquid, especially a mixture of oil and vinegar, to a salad for extra flavor
a piece of clothing for women or girls that covers the top half of the body and hangs down over the legs

a dressed salad 

17. serve/sɝːv/
to provide food or drinks
in sports such as tennis, the act of hitting the ball to the other player to start play

Do they serve meals in the bar? 

18. vinegar  /ˈvɪn.ə.ɡɚ/

a sharp-tasting liquid, made especially from sour wine, malt, or cider, that is used to add flavor to or to preserve food

19. soy sauce /ˌsɔɪ ˈsɑːs/
a strong-tasting, dark brown liquid made from fermented soya beans and used especially in Chinese and Japanese cooking

20. olive oil /ˌɑː.lɪv ˈɔɪl/

a yellow or green oil, made by pressing olives

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Part 3

21. mustard /ˈmʌs.tɚd/
thick yellow or brown sauce that tastes spicy and is eaten cold in small amounts, especially with meat

22. pepper /ˈpep.ɚ/
a grey or white powder produced by crushing dry peppercorns, used to give a spicy, hot taste to food

black pepper 黑胡椒
red pepper 紅胡椒

23. sugar /ˈʃʊɡ.ɚ/

a sweet substance especially from the plants sugar cane and sugar beet, used to make food and drinks sweet

brown sugar

24. ginger /ˈdʒɪn.dʒɚ/

the spicy root of a tropical plant that is used in cooking or preserved in sugar

ground (= powdered) ginger

25. garlic /ˈɡɑːr.lɪk/

a plant of the onion family that has a strong taste and smell and is used in cooking to add flavor

26. vanilla /vəˈnɪl.ə/
a substance made from the seeds of a tropical plant, used to give flavor to sweet foods
used to describe a product or service that is basic and has no special features

Add two teaspoons of vanilla and stir.

27. basil /ˈbeɪ.zəl/

a herb with a sweet smell that is used to add flavor in cooking

28. mint /mɪnt/
a herb whose leaves have a strong, fresh smell and taste and are used for giving flavor to food

29. rosemary /ˈroʊz.mer.i/
a bush whose leaves are used to add flavor in cooking and are used in some perfumes, or the leaves themselves

30. coriander/ˈkɔːr.i.æn.dɚ/
a plant whose leaves or seeds are added to food to give a special flavor

31. cinnamon /ˈsɪn.ə.mən/
the bark of a tropical tree, or a brown powder made from this, used as a spice to give a particular taste to food, especially sweet food

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Describe to your tutor about what you see in this picture.