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Unit 05 :
Let’s learn about different kinds of plants!
1. grass /ɡræs/
a low, green plant that grows naturally over a lot of the earth’s surface, having groups of very thin leaves that grow close together in large numbers
cut the grass
2. herb /ɝːb/
a type of plant whose leaves are used in cooking to give flavor to particular dishes or in making medicine
A large range of herbs and spices are used in South Asian cooking.
3. weed /wiːd/
any wild plant that grows in an unwanted place, especially in a garden or field where it prevents the cultivated plants from growing freely
4. lawn /lɑːn/
an area of grass, especially near to a house or in a park, that is cut regularly to keep it short
Will you mow the lawn at the weekend?
5. forest /ˈfɔːr.ɪst/
a large area of land covered with trees and plants, usually larger than a wood, or the trees and plants themselves
The children got lost in the forest.
6. moss /mɑːs/
a very small, green or yellow plant that grows especially in wet earth or on rocks, walls, and tree trunks
The rocks near the river were covered with moss.
7. stalk /stɑːk/
the main stem of a plant, or the narrow stem that joins leaves, flowers, or fruit to the main stem of a plant
She trimmed the stalks of the tulips before putting them in a vase.
8. trunk /trʌŋk/
the thick main stem of a tree, from which its branches grow
9. bough /baʊ/
a large branch of a tree
10. twig /twɪɡ/
a small, thin branch of a tree or bush, especially one removed from the tree or bush and without any leaves
We collected dry twigs to start the fire.
Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.
- herb___ 2. lawn___ 3. twig___ 4. bough___ 5. stalk___
a) a large branch of a tree
b) a type of plant whose leaves are used in cooking to give flavor to particular dishes or in making medicine
c) an area of grass, especially near to a house or in a park, that is cut regularly to keep it short
d) the main stem of a plant, or the narrow stem that joins leaves, flowers, or fruit to the main stem of a plant
e) a small, thin branch of a tree or bush, especially one removed from the tree or bush and without any leaves
11. root /ruːt/
the part of a plant that grows down into the earth to get water and food and holds the plant firm in the ground
12. leaf /liːf/
one of the flat, usually green parts of a plant that are joined at one end to the stem or branch
a palm leaf
13. bud /bʌd/
a small part of a plant, that develops into a flower or leaf
14. branch /bræntʃ/
one of the parts of a tree that grows out from the main trunk and has leaves, flowers, or fruit on it
to produce branches
Watch out for overhanging branches.
15. flower /ˈflaʊ.ɚ/
the part of a plant that is often brightly colored and has a pleasant smell, or the type of plant that produces these
a bunch/bouquet of flowers
16. pollen /ˈpɑː.lən/
a powder, produced by the male part of a flower, that causes the female part of the same type of flower to produce seeds. It is carried by insects or the wind.
17. bloom /bluːm/
When a flower blooms, it opens or is open, and when a plant or tree blooms it produces flowers.
a flower on a plant
These flowers will bloom all through the summer.
18. blossom /ˈblɑː.səm/
When a tree or plant blossoms, it produces flowers before producing fruit that can be eaten.
The cherry tree is beginning to blossom.
19. petal /ˈpet̬.əl/
any of the usually brightly colored parts that together form most of a flower
20. seedling /ˈsiːd.lɪŋ/
a very young plant that has grown from a seed
Raise the seedlings in the greenhouse.
Common Expressions and Phrases about Plants.
- Beat around the bush
- Take a leaf out of someone’s book
- Root and branch
- Branch out
21. fruit /fruːt/
the soft part containing seeds that are produced by a plant. Many types of fruit are sweet and can be eaten.
I like exotic fruits, like mangoes and papayas.
22. core /kɔːr/
the hard central part of some fruits, such as apples, that contains the seeds
Don’t throw your apple core on the floor!
23. seed /siːd/
a small, round, or oval object produced by a plant and from which, when it is planted, a new plant can grow
Sow the seeds about three centimetres deep.
24. shrub /ʃrʌb/
a large plant with a rounded shape formed from many small branches growing either directly from the ground or from a hard stem, grown in gardens
She planted some roses and other flowering shrubs.
25. wither /ˈwɪð.ɚ/
(to cause) to become weak and dry and decay
to slowly disappear, lose importance, or become weaker
The grass had withered in the fields.
26. verdant /ˈvɝː.dənt/
covered with healthy green plants or grass
Much of the region’s verdant countryside has been destroyed in the hurricane.
27. vegetation /ˌvedʒ.əˈteɪ.ʃən/
plants in general, or plants that are found in a particular area
The railway track will have to be cleared of vegetation if it is to be used again.
28. deciduous /dɪˈsɪdʒ.u.əs/
A deciduous tree loses its leaves in autumn and grows new ones in the spring.
29. evergreen /ˈev.ɚ.ɡriːn/
An evergreen plant, bush, or tree has leaves for the whole year.
a plant, bush, or tree that has leaves for the whole year
30. photosynthesis /ˌfoʊ.t̬oʊˈsɪn.θə.sɪs/
the process by which a plant uses the energy from the light of the sun to produce its own food
Discuss the questions with your tutor.
- Do you like gardening? How much time do you spend in the garden?
- What are the names of some famous gardens in your city?
- Do you know what is “Floral emblem”? What is the “Floral emblem” in your country?