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Unit 03 :
Let’s learn about different kinds of birds!
1. crow /kroʊ/
a large, black bird with a loud, unpleasant cry
2. duck /dʌk/
a bird that lives by water and has webbed feet (= feet with the skin between the toes), a short neck, and a large beak
3. eagle /ˈiː.ɡəl/
a large, strong bird with a curved beak that eats meat and can see very well
4. flamingo /fləˈmɪŋ.ɡoʊ/
a large bird with pink feathers, long, thin legs, a long neck, and a beak that curves down
5. goose /ɡuːs/
a large water bird similar to a duck but larger, or the meat from this bird
6. gull /ɡʌl/
a bird that lives near the coast with black and white or grey and white feathers
7. hen /hen/
an adult female chicken often kept for its eggs
8. rooster /ˈruː.stɚ/
an adult male chicken
I heard a rooster crow.
9. hummingbird /ˈhʌm.ɪŋ.bɝːd/
a very small, brightly colored bird with a long, thin beak, whose wings move very fast and make a humming noise
10. ostrich /ˈɑː.strɪtʃ/
a very large bird from Africa that cannot fly
Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.
1. gull___ 2. eagle___ 3. flamingo___ 4. hen___ 5. ostrich___
a) an adult female chicken often kept for its eggs
b) a very large bird from Africa that cannot fly
c) a large bird with pink feathers, long, thin legs, a long neck, and a beak that curves down
d) a bird that lives near the coast with black and white or grey and white feathers
e) a large, strong bird with a curved beak that eats meat and can see very well
11. owl /aʊl/
a bird with a flat face and large eyes that hunts small mammals at night
12. parrot /ˈper.ət/
a tropical bird with a curved beak often kept as a pet and trained to copy the human voice
13. peacock /ˈpiː.kɑːk/
a large bird, the male of which has very long tail feathers that it can spread out to show bright colors and patterns shaped like eyes
14. pheasant /ˈfez.ənt/
a large bird with a rounded body and long tail, that spends a lot of time on the ground and is often shot for sport and food, or the meat of this bird
He shot a pheasant.
15. sparrow /ˈsper.oʊ/
a small, grey-brown bird that is especially common in towns
16. turkey /ˈtɝː.ki/
a large bird grew for its meat on farms
a wild turkey
17. vulture /ˈvʌl.tʃɚ/
a large bird with almost no feathers on its head or neck, that eats the flesh of dead animals
a person or organization that is eager to win an advantage from other people’s difficulties or problems
18. falcon /ˈfɑːl.kən/
a bird with pointed wings and a long tail, that can be trained to hunt other birds and small animals
19. lark /lɑːrk/
a small, brown bird that is known for its beautiful singing
activity is done for a joke that is not intended to cause serious harm or damage
20. mallard /ˈmæl.ɑːrd/
a wild duck that is common in Europe and North America
The male mallard has a green head and a reddish-brown chest.
Circle the word that has the same meaning.
- a large bird with almost no feathers on its head or neck, that eats the flesh of dead animals
mallard sparrow peacock
- a small, grey-brown bird that is especially common in towns
mallard sparrow peacock
- a bird with a flat face and large eyes that hunts small mammals at night
owl falcon parrot
21. quail /kweɪl/
a small, brown bird that is shot for sport or food, or the meat of this bird
Quails’ eggs are considered to be a delicacy.
22. squirrel /ˈskwɝː.əl/
a small animal covered in fur with a long tail. Squirrels climb trees and feed on nuts and seeds.
23. woodpecker /ˈwʊdˌpek.ɚ/
a bird that uses its strong beak to make holes in tree trunks in order to find insects to eat
24. chick /tʃɪk/
a baby bird, especially a young chicken
25. beak /biːk/
the hard pointed part of a bird’s mouth
Birds use their beaks to pick up food.
26. claw /klɑː/
one of the sharp curved nails at the end of each of the toes of some animals and birds
27. wing /wɪŋ/
the flat part of the body that a bird, insect, or bat uses for flying, or one of the flat, horizontal structures that stick out from the side of an aircraft and support it when it is flying
I don’t like chicken wings – there’s not much meat on them.
28. feather /ˈfeð.ɚ/
one of the many soft, light things that cover a bird’s body, consisting of a long, thin, central part with material like hairs along each side
The bird ruffled its feathers.
29. finch /fɪntʃ/
any of various types of a small singing bird with a short, wide, pointed beak
30. penguin /ˈpeŋ.ɡwɪn/
a black and white bird that cannot fly but uses its small wings to help it swim
Describe to your tutor what you see in these pictures.