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Unit 02 :
Let’s learn about different kinds of sea animals!
1. bass /bæs/
a type of fish found in rivers or the sea
2. clownfish /ˈklaʊn.fɪʃ/
a small fish that is usually red, orange, or yellow with white stripes, and lives in warm or tropical seas
3. cod /kɑːd/
a large sea fish that can be eaten
Cod and chips, please.
4. carp /kɑːrp/
a large fish that lives in lakes and rivers and can be eaten
to complain all the time about matters that are not important
5. eel /iːl/
a long, thin, snake-like fish, some types of which are eaten
6. flying fish /ˌflaɪ.ɪŋ ˈfɪʃ/
a tropical fish that can jump above the surface of the water using its very large fins
7. pufferfish /ˈpʌf.ɚ.fɪʃ/
a type of fish, usually found in warm or tropical seas, that can make itself larger by filling its stomach with water or air
Most species of pufferfish are toxic.
8. grouper /ˈɡruː.ɚ/
a large fish with a big head and a wide mouth that lives in warm seas
9. flatfish /ˈflæt.fɪʃ/
any thin flat sea fish, such as a plaice or a sole
10. humpback whale /ˌhʌmp.bæk ˈweɪl/
a large whale with long front fins and a hump (= large raised area) on its back instead of a back fin
Describe to your tutor what you see in these pictures.
11. stingray /ˈstɪŋ.reɪ/
a large, flat, round fish with a long tail that has poisonous points on it
12. conch /kɑːŋk/
a large spiral shell, or the tropical snail-like sea creature that lives in it
13. lobster /ˈlɑːb.stɚ/
an animal that lives in the sea and has a long body covered with a hard shell, two large claws, and eight legs, or its flesh when used as food
14. oyster /ˈɔɪ.stɚ/
a large flat sea creature that lives in a shell, some types of which can be eaten either cooked or uncooked, and other types of which produce pearls.
15. seashell /ˈsiː.ʃel/
the empty shell of a small sea creature, often one found lying on the beach
16. clam /klæm/
a type of sea creature with a shell in two parts that can close together tightly, and a soft body that can be eaten
17. cuttlefish /ˈkʌt̬.əl.fɪʃ/
a sea creature with eight arms and two tentacles that has a wide, flat shell inside its body and lives in waters near the coast and near the bottom of the sea
18. squid /skwɪd/
a sea creature with a long body and ten arms situated around the mouth, or this animal eaten as food
19. walrus /ˈwɑːl.rəs/
a mammal that lives in the sea and on beaches in the Arctic. It is similar to a seal but larger, with two tusks and long hairs growing near its mouth.
20. sea lion /ˈsiː ˌlaɪ.ən/
a large seal , found mainly in the Pacific, that has large ears and can move on land
Have you ever been in seaside? Walking along the beach and collecting seashells?
What’s the most special and unique seashell you ever have?
Share the story with your tutor!
21. coral /ˈkɔːr.əl/
a substance like rock, formed in the sea by groups of particular types of small animal, often used in jewelry
a coral bracelet/necklace
22. jellyfish /ˈdʒel.i.fɪʃ/
a sea creature with a soft, oval, almost transparent body
23. seahorse /ˈsiː.hɔːrs/
a small fish that swims in a vertical position and has a head like that of a horse
24. sea anemone /ˈsiː əˌnem.ə.ni/
a soft, brightly colored sea creature that looks like a flower and often lives on rocks under the water
25. sea urchin /ˈsiː ˌɝː.tʃɪn/
a small sea creature that lives in water that is not very deep, has a round shell covered with sharp points like needles, and has flesh that can be eaten
26. cormorant /ˈkɔːr.mɚ.ənt/
a large, black sea bird with a long neck and body
27. pelican /ˈpel.ə.kən/
a large bird that catches fish and carries them in the lower part of its large, bag-shaped beak
28. starfish /ˈstɑːr.fɪʃ/
a flat animal that lives in the sea and has five arms that grow from its body in the shape of a star
29. penguin /ˈpeŋ.ɡwɪn/
a black and white bird that cannot fly but uses its small wings to help it swim
30. salmon /ˈsæm.ən/
a medium-sized silver-colored fish that lives in the sea or rivers and swims up rivers to produce its eggs. Its pink flesh is eaten as a food.
Discuss the questions with your tutor.
- Have you ever been fishing on the beach?
- What do you think about “marine pollution”?