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Unit 01 :
Let’s learn about different animals!
1. alligator /ˈæl.ə.ɡeɪ.t̬ɚ/
a large reptile with a hard skin that lives in and near rivers and lakes in the hot, wet parts of America and China. It has a long nose that is slightly wider and shorter than that of a crocodile.
2. alpaca /ælˈpæk.ə/
a South American animal with a long neck and long hair that looks like a llama
3. ape /eɪp/
an animal like a large monkey with no tail, that uses its arms to move through trees
Chimpanzees and gorillas are both apes.
4. buffalo /ˈbʌf.ə.loʊ/
a large animal of the cattle family, with long, curved horns
5. camel /ˈkæm.əl/
a large animal with a long neck, that lives in the desert and has one or two humps (= large raised areas of flesh) on its back
6. crow /kroʊ/
a large, black bird with a loud, unpleasant cry
7. dolphin /ˈdɑːl.fɪn/
a sea mammal that is large, smooth, and grey, with a long, pointed mouth
8. eagle /ˈiː.ɡəl/
a large, strong bird with a curved beak that eats meat and can see very well
9. ferret /ˈfer.ɪt/
a small, yellowish-white animal with a long body, bred for hunting rabbits and other small animals
10. flamingo /fləˈmɪŋ.ɡoʊ/
a large bird with pink feathers, long, thin legs, a long neck, and a beak that curves down
Common Expressions and Phrases about Animals.
- The early bird catches the worm.
- You can’t sell the cow and drink the milk
- Love me, love my dog.
- Curiosity killed the cat.
- A leopard can’t change his spots.
11. moose /muːs/
a type of large deer with large, flat horns and a long nose that lives in the forests of North America, northern Europe, and Asia
12. gorilla /ɡəˈrɪl.ə/
a large ape that comes from western Africa
13. gull /ɡʌl/
a bird that lives near the coast with black and white or grey and white feathers
14. hamster /ˈhæm.stɚ/
a small animal covered in fur with a short tail and large spaces in each side of its mouth for storing food. Hamsters are often kept as pets.
15. kangaroo /ˌkæŋ.ɡəˈruː/
a large Australian mammal with a long stiff tail, short front legs and long powerful back legs on which it moves by jumping
16. leopard /ˈlep.ɚd/
a large wild cat that has yellow fur with black spots on it and lives in Africa and southern Asia
17. magpie /ˈmæɡ.paɪ/
a bird with black and white feathers and a long tail
Magpies are attracted to small, shiny objects, which they carry away to their nests.
18. meerkat /ˈmɪr.kæt/
a small, grey Southern African animal that sometimes sits up on its back legs
19. ostrich /ˈɑː.strɪtʃ/
a very large bird from Africa that cannot fly
The ostrich is the fastest animal on two legs.
20. otter /ˈɑː.t̬ɚ/
a mammal with four legs and short brown fur that swims well and eats fish
There are some slangs to describe people.
How many slangs do you know?
- underdog 輸家，弱者
- social butterfly 善於交際的人
- night owl 夜貓子
- copycat 盲目的模仿者
- black sheep 害群之馬
21. ox /ɑːks/
a bull (= male cow) that has had its reproductive organs removed, used in the past for pulling heavy things on farms, or, more generally, any adult of the cattle family
22. platypus /ˈplæt̬.ɪ.pəs/
an Australian river mammal with a wide beak whose young are born from eggs
23. raccoon /rækˈuːn/
a small North American animal with black marks on its face and a long tail with black rings on it
24. raven /ˈreɪ.vən/
the largest bird in the crow family, with shiny black feathers
25. reindeer /ˈreɪn.dɪr/
a type of deer with large horns that lives in the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and North America
Santa Claus travels in a sleigh pulled by reindeer.
26. rhinoceros /raɪˈnɑː.sɚ.əs/
a very large, thick-skinned animal from Africa or Asia that has one or two horns on its nose
27. seal /siːl/
a large mammal that eats fish and lives partly in the sea and partly on land or ice
28. skunk /skʌŋk/
a small, black and white North American animal that makes a strong, unpleasant smell as a defense when it is attacked
29. swallow /ˈswɑː.loʊ/
a small bird with pointed wings and a tail with two points that flies quickly and catches insects to eat as it flies
30. swan /swɑːn/
a large, usually white bird with a long neck that lives on rivers and lakes
We watched the swans glide by.
Discuss these phrases with your tutor!
as blind as a bat
as proud as a peacock
as free as a bird
as stubborn as a mule
as sly as a fox