Unit 04 :
Kitchen and Dining Room 廚房與餐廳


Let’s learn about the different vocabulary of kitchenware.

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Part 1

1. freezer /ˈfriː.zɚ/
(n.) 冷凍櫃;冰櫃
a container, operated by electricity, that stores food at a very cold temperature so that it becomes solid and can be kept safely for a long time

a chest freezer

2. dishwasher  /ˈdɪʃˌwɑː.ʃɚ/
(n.) 洗碗機
a machine that washes dirty plates, cups, forks, etc.

3. cupboard  /ˈkʌb.ɚd/
a piece of furniture or a small part of a room with a door or doors behind which there is space for storing things, usually on shelves

a built-in cupboard

4. pantry /ˈpæn.tri/
a small room or large cupboard in a house where food is kept

5. kettle /ˈket̬.əl/
a container for boiling water, that has a lid, handle, and spout and is made from plastic or metal

6. benchtop  /ˈbentʃ.tɑːp/
a flat surface in a kitchen, especially on top of low furniture, on which food can be prepared

7. rack  /ræk/
a frame or shelf, often formed of bars, that is used to hold things

a plate rack

8. funnel /ˈfʌn.əl/
an object that has a wide round opening at the top, sloping sides, and a narrow tube at the bottom, used for pouring liquids or powders into containers with narrow necks
to put something, or to travel, through a funnel or something that acts like a funnel

After you grind the coffee, use a funnel to pour it into the jar.

9. grinder  /ˈɡraɪn.dɚ/
a machine used to rub or press something until it becomes a powder

a coffee/pepper grinder

10. silverware  /ˈsɪl.vɚ.wer/
objects, especially knives, forks, spoons, etc., made of silver

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Exercise 1

While cooking, do you know how to make the food flavorful? 
How many seasoning and spices do you know?
Try to discuss it with your tutor.




bay leaf









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Part 2

11. corkscrew /ˈkɔːrk.skruː/
a device for removing corks from bottles, that consists of a handle with a twisted metal rod to push into the cork and pull it out

12. tinfoil /ˈtɪn.fɔɪl/
shiny, metal material, as thin as paper, that is used especially for wrapping food in order to store it or cook it

13. scoop /skuːp/
a tool with a deep bowl-shaped end that is used to dig out and move a soft substance or powder

a measuring scoop

14. cleaver /ˈkliː.vɚ/
a heavy knife with a large square blade

a meat cleaver

15. sharpener /ˈʃɑːr.pən.ɚ/
a machine or tool for making things such as pencils or knives sharper

a pencil/knife sharpener

16. peeler  /ˈpiː.lɚ/ 
a kitchen tool for removing the skin of fruit and vegetables

a vegetable/potato peeler

17. grater  /ˈɡreɪ.t̬ɚ/
a metal device with holes surrounded by sharp edges used to cut food into small pieces

18. oven glove /ˈʌv.ən ˌɡlʌv/
a thick covering for the hand, used for taking hot things out of an oven

19. extractor /ɪkˈstræk.tɚ/
a machine used to remove something

a juice extractor

20. tongs /tɑːŋz/
a device used for picking up objects, consisting of two long pieces joined at one end and pressed together at the other end in order to hold an object between them

a pair of tongs

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Exercise 2

How many cooking methods do you know?
Try to share your ideas with your tutor.













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Part 3

21. stove /stoʊv/
a large box-shaped device that is used to cook and heat food, either by putting the food inside or by putting it on the top

22. whisk /wɪsk/
to beat eggs, cream, etc. with a special tool in order to add air and make the food light
a kitchen tool that you use for beating food such as eggs and cream in order to add air and make it light

Using a whisk, blend the ingredients thoroughly.

23. wok /wɑːk/
a large, bowl-shaped Chinese pan used for frying food quickly in hot oil

Heat some oil in a wok, then add the vegetables and stir-fry for two minutes.

24. spatula /ˈspætʃ.ə.lə/
(n.)(炊具中的)刮刀,鍋鏟; 抹刀
a cooking utensil with a wide, flat blade that is not sharp, used especially for lifting food out of pans

25. ladle /bɪˈdeɪ/
a very big spoon with a long handle and a deep cup-shaped part used especially for serving soup
to put soup or other liquid food into bowls to give to people, using a ladle

a soup ladle

26. strainer /ˈstreɪ.nɚ/
a kitchen utensil with a lot of holes in it for separating liquid from solid

a tea strainer

27. sieve /sɪv/
a tool consisting of wood, plastic, or metal frame with a wire or plastic net attached to it. You use it either to separate solids from a liquid, or you rub larger solids through it to make them smaller

Pass the sauce through a sieve to remove any lumps.

28. plastic wrap /ˌplæs.tɪk ˈræp/ 
thin, transparent, plastic material, used for wrapping food to keep it fresh

I’ve put some plastic wrap over the salad.

29. mold /moʊld/
a hollow container with a particular shape into which soft or liquid substances are poured, so that when the substance becomes hard it takes the shape of the container

a cake/jelly mold

30. timer /ˈtaɪ.mɚ/
a device that makes a sound when a particular number of minutes, hours, etc. have gone past

He set the timer on the oven to/for 20 minutes.

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Exercise 3

Share your ideas with the tutor!

  1. What dish or food are you best at cooking?

  2. Are cooking shows popular in your country? Do you watch any cooking shows?

  3.  Is it important for husbands to know how to cook?

  4. If you had your own personal chef, what meal would you ask for most?