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Unit 05 :
Let’s learn about different kinds of jewelry!
1. pearl /pɝːl/
a small, round object, usually white, that forms around a grain of sand inside the shell of a sea creature, especially an oyster. Pearls are valuable and are used to make jewelry.
a string of pearls
2. silver /ˈsɪl.vɚ/
a chemical element that is a valuable shiny, white metal, used for making cutlery (= knives, spoons, etc.), jewelry, coins, and decorative objects
made of silver, or of the color of silver
We gave them a dish made of solid silver as a wedding present.
3. gold /ɡoʊld/
a chemical element that is a valuable, shiny, yellow metal used to make coins and jewelry
made of gold, or the color of gold
a gold watch/necklace
4. brass /bræs/
a bright yellow metal made from copper and zinc
The door handles were made of brass.
5. gem /dʒem/
a jewel (= precious stone), especially when cut into a particular regular shape
6. accessory /əkˈses.ər.i/
something added to a machine or to clothing that has a useful or decorative purpose
She wore a green wool suit with matching accessories.
7. anklet /ˈæŋ.klət/
a chain or ring worn as jewelry around the ankle
8. bangle /ˈbæŋ.ɡəl/
a ring of stiff plastic, metal, etc. worn around the wrist or arm as jewelry
9. brooch /broʊtʃ/
a small piece of jewelry with a pin at the back that is fastened to a woman’s clothes
She wore a small silver brooch.
10. choker /ˈtʃoʊ.kɚ/
a narrow strip of cloth or a necklace that fits very closely around a woman’s neck
a pearl choker
Describe to your tutor what you see in this picture
11. cameo /ˈkæm.i.oʊ/
a piece of usually oval jewelry on which there is a head or other shape of one color on a surface of a different color
a cameo brooch
12. circlet /ˈsɜ˞ː.klət/
a circular decoration, especially for the head, or a piece of jewelry in the shape of a circle
13. diadem /ˈdaɪ.ə.dem/
a small crown (= circular decoration for the head) with jewels in it
14. diamanté /diːəˈmɑːn.t̬eɪ/
artificial jewels that shine brightly
a diamanté brooch/ diamanté earrings
15. locket /ˈlɑː.kɪt/
a small piece of jewelry that opens to show a small picture or piece of hair, usually worn on a chain around a person’s neck
16. pendant /ˈpen.dənt/
a piece of jewelry worn around the neck, consisting of a long chain with an object hanging from it, or the object itself
She was wearing a crystal pendant.
17. stud /stʌd/
a small piece of metal jewelry that is put through a part of your body such as your ear or nose
a nose stud
18. tiara /tiˈer.ə/
a piece of metal in the shape of half a circle decorated with jewels that is worn on the head by a woman, especially a queen, etc., at very formal social occasions
19. bead /biːd/
a small, colored, often round piece of plastic, wood, glass, etc. with a hole through it. It is usually put on a string with a lot of others to make jewelry
She wore a necklace of brightly colored wooden beads.
20. diamond /ˈdaɪ.ə.mənd/
a transparent, extremely hard precious stone that is used in jewelry, and in industry for cutting hard things
The tiara was set with diamonds and rubies.
How many “gems” do you know?
1. Diamond 2. Ruby 3. Sapphire
4. Emerald 5. Pear 6. Opal
21. glitzy /ˈɡlɪt.si/
having a fashionable appearance intended to attract attention
He celebrated his birthday at a glitzy party in Beverly Hills.
22. inlaid /ɪnˈleɪd/
having a decorative pattern put into a surface
23. plate /pleɪt/
to cover a metal object with a thin layer of another metal, especially gold or silver
We normally plate the car handles with nickel and then chrome.
24. platinum /ˈplæt.nəm/
a chemical element that is an extremely valuable silver-colored metal, used in jewelry and in industry
a platinum wedding ring
25. polished /ˈpɑː.lɪʃt/
having been polished
26. glamorous /ˈɡlæm.ə.əs/
attractive in an exciting and special way
a glamorous woman/outfit
27. shimmering /ˈʃɪm.ɚ.ɪŋ/
reflecting a gentle light that seems to move slightly
28. embellishment /ɪmˈbel.ɪʃ.mənt/
something added to make another thing more beautiful or interesting
29. glittering /ˈɡlɪt̬.ɚ.ɪŋ/
shining with a lot of small bright flashes of light
30. sparkling /ˈspɑːr.klɪŋ/
Circle the word that has the same meaning.
1. having a decorative pattern put into a surface
2.having a fashionable appearance intended to attract attention