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Unit 03 :
Hair and Beauty 美容美髮
Let’s learn the vocabularies about hair and beauty!
1. brush /brʌʃ/
an object with short pieces of stiff hair, plastic, or wire attached to a base or handle, used for cleaning, arranging your hair, or painting
to clean something or make something smooth with a brush
I can’t find my brush, but I still have my comb.
2. comb /koʊm/
a flat piece of plastic, wood, or metal with a thin row of long, narrow parts along one side, used to tidy and arrange your hair
to tidy your hair using a comb
3. hairdryer /ˈherˌdraɪ.ɚ/
an electrical device, usually held in the hand, that blows out hot air and is used for drying a person’s hair
4. razor /ˈreɪ.zɚ/
a small device with a sharp blade for removing hair, especially from the face or legs
to cut something such as hair using a razor
5. bobby pin /ˈbɑː.bi ˌpɪn/
a U-shaped metal pin that is tightly bent and slides into the hair in order to keep it back off the face or to keep part of the hair in position
6. shampoo /ʃæmˈpuː/
a liquid used for washing hair, or for washing particular objects or materials
to wash something with shampoo
She went to the hairdressers for a shampoo and set.
7. conditioner /kənˈdɪʃ.ən.ɚ/
a thick liquid that you put on and wash off your hair after you have washed it, to improve the quality and appearance of your hair
8. hair gel /ˈher ˌdʒel/
a thick liquid substance that is put in hair to help the hair keep a particular shape or style
9. scissors /ˈsɪz.ɚz/
a device used for cutting materials such as paper, cloth, and hair
10. hairstylist /ˈher.staɪ.lɪst/
someone whose job is to cut and arrange people’s hair
I’ve been going to the same hairstylist for years.
Share with your Tutor.
What are these men’s career?
11. bob /bɑːb/
a women’s hairstyle with the hair cut to neck length all around the head
I’ve had my hair in a bob for ages.
12. ponytail /ˈpoʊ.ni.teɪl/
a hairstyle in which the hair is tied up high at the back of the head so that it hangs down like a horse’s tail
13. ringlet /ˈrɪŋ.lət/
a curled piece of long hair
Her hair hung down in ringlets.
14. plait /plæt/
a length of hair or other material that is divided into three parts that are then crossed over each other in a special pattern
to join three or more pieces of hair or string-like material by putting them over each other in a special pattern
She usually wears her hair in two plaits.
15. curly /ˈkɝː.li/
having curls or a curved shape
He has blond, curly hair.
16. pigtail /ˈpɪɡ.teɪl/
a length of hair that is tied at the back of the head or at each side of the head, sometimes in a plait
A little girl in pigtails presented the bouquet.
17. crew cut /ˈkruː ˌkʌt/
a hairstyle in which the hair is cut very short
18. bald /bɑːld/
with little or no hair on the head
At 20 he was already going bald.
19. bun /bʌn/
a woman’s hairstyle where the hair is brought together into a round shape at the back of the head
She wore her hair in a bun.
20. flattop /ˈflæt.tɑːp/
a short hairstyle, usually for a man, in which the hair is cut so that the top of the head seems flat
Ask your student about which hairstyle you’ve learned from the class.
21. manicure /ˈmæn.ə.kjʊr/
a treatment for the hands that involves making the skin feel softer and making the nails look better by cutting, smoothing, and painting them
22. exfoliation /eksˌfoʊ.liˈeɪ.ʃən/
the process of removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, in order to improve its appearance
She recommends gentle exfoliation before moisturizing.
23. massage /məˈsɑːʒ/
to rub and press someone’s body with regular repeated movements, in order to relax them or to reduce stiffness or pain in the joints
Would you massage my shoulders?
24. treatment /ˈtriːt.mənt/
something you buy or keep to help you remember a holiday or special event
25. facial /ˈfeɪ.ʃəl/
of or on the face
a beauty treatment that cleans and improves the skin of the face with creams and gentle rubbing
Beauty treatments range from an eyelash tint at £8 to a deep cleansing facial costing £80.
26. scrub /skrʌb/
a substance that you use to clean your skin and make it softer, especially one that is slightly rough and will remove old skin
to rub something hard in order to clean it, especially using a stiff brush, soap, and water
exfoliating facial scrubs
27. sunblock /ˈsʌn.blɑːk/
a strong type of sunscreen
28. repair /rɪˈper/
(v.) (n.) 修補；修復
to put something that is damaged, broken, or not working correctly, back into good condition or make it work again
29. waterproof /ˈwɑː.t̬ɚ.pruːf/
a person who has magic powers in stories, or who performs tricks for entertainment
a coat or other clothing that keeps you dry because it does not allow water in
30. hydration /haɪˈdreɪ.ʃən/
the process of making your body absorb water or other liquid
hair care products for conditioning and hydration
Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.
- sunblock __ 2. exfoliation __ 3. facial __ 4. scrub __ 5. hydration __
a) the process of removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, in order to improve its appearance
b) to rub and press someone’s body with regular repeated movements, in order to relax them or to reduce stiffness or pain in the joints
c) a beauty treatment that cleans and improves the skin of the face with creams and gentle rubbing
d) a strong type of sunscreen
e) the process of making your body absorb water or other liquid