Unit 02 :
Mail 郵件


Let’s learn about different kinds of mail!

material icon

Part 1

1. address /ˈæd.res/
(n.) 地址
the number of the house, name of the road, and name of the town where a person lives or works, and where letters can be sent
(v.) 對…講話,對…發表演說,致辭;給…寫信,致函
to speak or write to someone

email address

2. airmail /ˈer.meɪl/
a system of sending letters and parcels by aircraft

If you send it (by) airmail, it’ll be very expensive.

3. code /koʊd/
a system of words, letters, or signs used to represent a message in secret form, or a system of numbers, letters, or signals used to represent something in a shorter or more convenient form
to represent a message in code so that it can only be understood by the person who is meant to receive it

4. correspondence /ˌkɔːr.əˈspɑːn.dəns/
letters, especially official or business letters

Any further correspondence should be sent to my new address.

5. deliver /dɪˈlɪv.ɚ/
to take goods, letters, parcels, etc. to people’s houses or places of work

Mail is delivered to our office twice a day.

6. dispatch /dɪˈspætʃ/
to send something, especially goods or a message, somewhere for a particular purpose
(n.) 發送;派遣
the act of sending someone or something somewhere

Two loads of cloth were dispatched to the factory on 12 December.

7. domestic /dəˈmes.tɪk/
relating to a person’s own country
someone paid to do work, such as cleaning and cooking, in someone else’s house

domestic airlines/flights

8. envelope /ˈɑːn.və.loʊp/
a flat, usually square or rectangular, paper container for a letter

9. express /ɪkˈspres/
to send something somewhere very quickly
(adj.) 快速的;快遞的
moving or being sent fast

Your order will be expressed to you within 24 hours. 

10. first class /ˌfɝːst ˈklæs/
(n.) (優先投遞的)第一類郵件the post-service that most people use for sending letters, etc.
(adj.) 優秀的;第一流的excellent

First class costs more, but it will arrive tomorrow.

material icon

Exercise 1

Read these short dialogues with your tutor.

Dialogue 1
Customer: What’s the fastest way to send this Letter?
Clerk: By Express Post, but it’ll be expensive.

Dialogue 2
Customer: Do you sell envelopes here?
Clerk: Only envelopes with stamps printed on them.

material icon

Part 2

11. foreign /ˈfɔːr.ən/
(adj.) 外國的
belonging or connected to a country that is not your own

12. form /fɔːrm/
a paper or set of papers printed with spaces in which answers to questions can be written or information can be recorded in an organized way
to begin to exist or to make something begin to exist

Please fill in/out the form with black ink.

13. freight /freɪt/
goods, but not passengers, that are carried from one place to another, by ship, aircraft, train, or truck, or the system of transporting these goods
(v.) 運送(貨物)
to send goods by air, sea, or train

Will the goods be sent by air or sea freight?

14. international /ˌɪn.t̬ɚˈnæʃ.ən.əl/
(adj.) 國際的
involving more than one country
a sports event involving more than one country, or a person who competes in it

15. junk mail /ˈdʒʌŋk ˌmeɪl/
(n.) 垃圾郵件
letters or emails, usually advertising products or services, that are sent to people although they have not asked to receive them

16. letter /ˈlet̬.ɚ/
(n.) 信,信件
a written message from one person to another, usually put in an envelope and sent by post

I got a letter from the bank this morning.

17. letterhead /ˈlet̬.ɚ.hed/
(n.) 抬頭,信頭(印於信紙上方的名稱和地址)
the top part of a piece of writing paper where the name and address of a person or business is printed

18. mail /meɪl/
the letters, etc. that are sent to or from people, or the system for sending letters, etc. from place to place
(v.) 郵寄;把…寄出
to send a letter, etc. or to email something

She mailed it last week but it still hasn’t arrived.

19. mail carrier /ˈmeɪl ˌker.i.ɚ/
(n.) 郵遞員
a postman noun

20. mailbox /ˈmeɪl.bɑːks/
a metal container in the street or other public place in which you can put letters for them to be collected and sent to someone else

material icon

Exercise 2

Guess what is this woman doing?
Have you ever had this kind of experience?

material icon

Part 3

21. package /ˈpæk.ɪdʒ/
(n.) 包裹
an object or set of objects wrapped in paper, usually in order to be sent by post
(v.) 把…打包(或裝箱)
to put goods into boxes or containers to be sold

The courier has just delivered a package for you.

22. parcel /ˈpɑːr.səl/
(n.) 包裹,郵包
an object or collection of objects wrapped in paper, especially so that it can be sent by post

The parcel was wrapped in plain brown paper.

23. post /poʊst/
(n.) 郵件
letters, etc. that are delivered to homes or places of work
(v.) 郵寄
to send a letter or parcel by post

Did you remember to post my letter?

24. post office /ˈpoʊst ˌɑː.fɪs/
(n.) 郵局
a place where stamps are sold and from where letters and parcels are sent

25. postage /ˈpoʊ.stɪdʒ/
(n.) 郵資
the money that you pay for sending letters and parcels through the post

26. postcard /ˈpoʊst.kɑːrd/
a card, often with a photograph or picture on one side, that can be sent without an envelope

27. stamp /stæmp/
(n.) 郵票
a small piece of paper with a picture or pattern on it that is stuck onto a letter or package before it is posted, to show that the cost of sending it has been paid

28. wrap /ræp/
(v.) (用紙、布或其他材料)包,裹
to cover or surround something with paper, cloth, or other material
(n.) 包裹物
material that is used to cover or protect objects

29. zone /zoʊn/
(n.) 地區
an area, especially one that is different from the areas around it because it has different characteristics or is used for different purposes

30. zip code /ˈzɪp ˌkoʊd/
(n.) 郵政編碼
in the US, a series of numbers that forms part of an address, used to help organize post so that it can be delivered more quickly

material icon

Exercise 3

Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.

  1. parcel__   2. post office __   3. postcard __  

a) a place where stamps are sold and from where letters and parcels are sent

b) a card, often with a photograph or picture on one side, that can be sent without an envelope

c) an object or collection of objects wrapped in paper, especially so that it can be sent by post