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Unit 12 :
Let’s learn about the different vocabulary of photography.
1. camera /ˈkæm.rə/
a device for taking photographs or making films or television programs
a picture produced using a camera
to take a picture using a camera
a color/black-and-white photograph 彩色／黑白照片
3. shoot /ʃuːt/
to use a camera to record a video or take a photograph
We shot four reels of film in Egypt.
4. snapshot /ˈsnæp.ʃɑːt/
5. focus /ˈfoʊ.kəs/
If you focus on a device such as a camera or a microscope, you move a device on the lens so that you can see a clear picture.
6. exposure /ɪkˈspoʊ.ʒɚ/
a single photograph on a piece of film, or the amount of time a piece of film is open to the light when making a photograph
There are 24 exposures on this film.
7. lens /lenz/
a curved piece of glass, plastic, or other transparent material, used in cameras, glasses, and scientific equipment, that makes objects seem closer, larger, smaller, etc.
a camera with a zoom lens 變焦（鏡頭）照相機
8. shutter /ˈʃʌt̬.ɚ/
the part of a camera that opens temporarily to allow light to reach the film when a photograph is being taken
9. sensor /ˈsen.sɚ/
a device that is used to record that something is present or that there are changes in something
10. aperture /ˈæp.ɚ.tʃɚ/
a small and often narrow opening, especially one that allows light into a camera
Match the correct meaning to each vocabulary.
- aperture __ 2. camera __ 3. shutter __ 4. sensor __ 5. snapshot __
a.the part of a camera that opens temporarily to allow light to reach the film when a photograph is being taken
b. a photograph
c.a small and often narrow opening, especially one that allows light into a camera
d.a device that is used to record that something is present or that there are changes in something
e.a device for taking photographs or making films or television programs
11. print /prɪnt/
to produce a photograph on paper
a photographic copy of a painting, or a picture made by pressing paper onto a special surface covered in ink, or a single photograph from a film
a print of Van Gogh’s “Sunflowers”
12. pixel /ˈpɪk.səl/
the smallest unit of an image on a television or computer screen
13. software /ˈsɑːft.wer/
the instructions that control what a computer does; computer programs
He’s written a piece of software that does your taxes for you.
14. frame /freɪm/
one of the pictures on a strip of photographic film, or one of the single pictures that together form a television or cinema film
15. reproduction /ˌriː.prəˈdʌk.ʃən/
a copy of something, especially a painting, or the process of copying something
The book contains excellent color reproductions of Monet’s paintings.
16. photocopy /ˈfoʊ.t̬oʊˌkɑː.pi/
a photographic copy of a document made on a photocopier
I’ll just make a photocopy of the agreement.
a device for showing films or images on a screen or other surface
18. flashlight /ˈflæʃ.laɪt/
it provides additional light when conditions become too dark to handhold your camera comfortably, allows you to achieve more balanced exposures in daylight conditions.
19. tripod /ˈtraɪ.pɑːd/
a support with three legs for a piece of equipment such as a camera
the part of a camera that you look through to see what it is that you are taking a photograph of
Try to spell it!
- t _ _ _ _ d : a support with three legs for a piece of equipment such as a camera
- r _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _n : a copy of something, especially a painting, or the process of copying something
- v _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ r : the part of a camera that you look through to see what it is that you are taking a photograph of
- p _ _ _ _ _ r : to produce a photograph on paper
21. film /fɪlm/
(a length of) dark plastic-like material that can record images as photographs or as a moving picture
a roll of film 一捲底片
22. grain /ɡreɪn/
the pattern of extremely small spots of black and white or color, that form a photographic or film image, or one of these small spots
fine/coarse-grain film 顯影顆粒細（粗）的膠捲
23. spool /spuːl/
a tube-shaped object with top and bottom edges that stick out and around which a length of thread, wire, film, etc. is wrapped in order to store it
a spool of cotton/film 一軸棉線／一捲底片
24. slide /slaɪd/
a small piece of photographic film in a frame that, when light is passed through it, shows a larger image on a screen or plain surface
color slides 彩色幻燈片
having a face that looks attractive in photographs
26. auto- /ɑː.t̬oʊ-/
of or by yourself, or operating independently and without needing help
an autofocus camera 自動對焦相機
a chemical used for developing photographs or films
28. image /ˈɪm.ɪdʒ/
any picture, especially one formed by a mirror or a lens
29. develop /dɪˈvel.əp/
to make photographs or negatives from a film
We developed some old negatives from my parents’ wedding day.
30. Polaroid /ˈpoʊ.lə.rɔɪd/
a brand name for a camera that takes a picture and prints it after a few seconds, or a photograph taken with this type of camera
Did you take these with a Polaroid?
Describe to your tutor what you see in this pictures.