Unit 11 :
Theater 劇場類


Let’s learn about the different vocabulary of theater.

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Part 1

1. opera   /ˈɑː.pɚ.ə/
a musical play in which most of the words are sung, or plays and music of this type

an opera singer

2. audition  /ɑːˈdɪʃ.ən/
a short performance that an actor, musician, dancer, etc. gives in order to show they are suitable for a particular play, film, show, etc.
to give a short performance in order to show that you are suitable for a part in a film, play, show, etc., or to make someone do this

His audition went well and he’s fairly hopeful about getting the part.

3. Broadway   /ˈbrɑːd.weɪ/    
a street in the entertainment district of New York, where there are many theaters or the type of theater in this area

a Broadway play/musical 

4. cast  /kæst/
the actors in a film, play, or show
to choose actors to play particular parts in a play, film, or show

He was often cast as the villain.

5. character   /ˈker.ək.tɚ/  
a person represented in a film, play, or story

The film revolves around three main characters.

6. chorus  /ˈkɔːr.əs/
a group of people who are trained to sing together

He sings with the Los Angeles Gay Men’s Chorus.

7. denouement  /deɪˈnuː.mɑ̃ː/
the end of a story, in which everything is explained, or the end result of a situation

8. monologue/ˈmɑː.nə.lɑːɡ/ 
a short play for one actor

9. rehearsal/rəˈhɝː.səl/
a time when all the people involved in a play, dance, etc. practice in order to prepare for a performance

He’s a producer with three plays in rehearsal.

10. footlights   /ˈfʊt.laɪts/
a row of lights along the front of a stage at a theater

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Exercise 1

Circle the word that has the same meaning.

  1. a short play for one actor

     monologue       drama       opera

  1. a person represented in a film, play, or story

     audition       character       chorus

  1. a musical play in which most of the words are sung, or plays and music of this type

     opera       chorus       monologue

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Part 2

11. performer/pɚˈfɔːr.mɚ/
a person who entertains people by acting, singing, dancing, or playing music

He’s a brilliant performer.

12. audience  /ˈɑː.di.əns/  
the group of people together in one place to watch or listen to a play, film, someone speaking, etc.

She lectures to audiences all over the world.

13. scenery  /ˈsiː.nɚ.i/
the large painted pictures used on a theater stage to represent the place where the action is

14. playwright  /ˈpleɪ.raɪt/
a person who writes plays

15. prologue /ˈproʊ.lɑːɡ/
a part that comes at the beginning of a play, story, or long poem, often giving information about events that happened before the time when the play, story, or poem begins

16. applause  /əˈplɑːz/
the sound of people clapping their hands repeatedly to show enjoyment or approval of something such as a performance or speech

His speech met with (= received) loud applause.

17. focus  /ˈfoʊ.kəs/  
the main or central point of something, especially of attention or interest

I think Dave likes to be the focus of attention.

18. apron  /ˈeɪ.prən/
part of a stage in a theater that is in front of the curtain

19. amphitheater /ˈæm.fəˌθiː.ə.t̬ɚ/
a circular or oval area of ground around which rows of seats are arranged on a steep slope, for watching plays, sports, etc. outside

20. backstage  /bækˈsteɪdʒ/
in the area behind the stage in a theater, especially the rooms in which actors change their clothes or where equipment is kept

We went backstage after the show to meet the actors.

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Exercise 2

Choose the correct answer.

  1. J.K. Rowling became a _____ when she penned Harry Potter and the Cursed Child.
    a) audience     b) playwright     c) singer
  2. Tickets to the concert were less expensive since the venue was an outdoor ___.
    a) store     b) restaurant     c) amphitheater
  3. There was great ___ when the speaker sat down.
    a) amazing     b) applause     c) apply
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Part 3

21. downstage  /ˈdaʊn.steɪdʒ/
towards or at the front of the stage in a theater

22. offstage /ˌɑːfˈsteɪdʒ/ 
off the stage, or happening behind or at the side of the stage, so that people who are watching cannot see

The main characters are offstage for most of the second act.

23. upstage/ˈʌp.steɪdʒ/
towards or at the part of a theater stage that is furthest from the people watching the performance

He looks upstage to where the body is lying.

24. wings  /ˌkʌn.tri ˈdæns/
the sides of a stage that cannot be seen by the people watching the play

I was in the wings waiting for my cue to come on stage.

25. dresser  /ˈdres.ɚ/ 
a person who works in the theater or in films, helping the actors to put on their clothes

26. melodrama /ˈmel.əˌdræm.ə/
a story, play, or film in which the characters show stronger emotions than real people usually do

a television melodrama  一部電視情節劇

27. mime  /maɪm/|
a short play without speech
to act or tell a story in mime

The whole of the banquet scene is mimed.

28. tragedy/ˈtrædʒ.ə.di/   
a play about death or suffering with a sad end, or this type of play generally

Shakespeare’s tragedies include “Hamlet”, “King Lear”, and “Othello”.

29. musical  /ˈmjuː.zɪ.kəl/ 
related to or connected with music
related to or connected with music

musical instruments     樂器

30. script  /skrɪpt/
the words of a film, play, broadcast, or speech
to write the words of a film, play, broadcast, or speech

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Exercise 3

Describe to your tutor what you see in this pictures.