Unit 05 :
Food Dish 餐點與菜餚類單字


Let’s learn about different kinds of food!

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Part 1

1. antipasto /ˌæn.t̬iˈpɑː.stoʊ/
(n.) 義大利式餐前小吃
a small amount of food eaten at the beginning of an Italian meal

2. BLT 
(n.) 培根、生菜、番茄三明治(bacon, lettuce, and tomato的縮寫)
abbreviation for bacon, lettuce, and tomato: a sandwich with bacon, lettuce, and tomato in it

3. burger /ˈbɝː.ɡ/
(n.) 漢堡

meat or other food pressed into a round, flat shape and fried

4. burrito/bəˈriː.t̬oʊ/
(n.)  墨西哥玉米粉捲餠
a type of Mexican food made by folding a tortilla (= thin, round bread) and putting meat, beans, and cheese inside it

5. baguette /bæɡˈet/
(n.) 法式長條麵包

a long, thin stick of white bread, of a type that originally came from France

6. soup /suːp/
(n.) 湯

a usually hot, liquid food made from vegetables, meat, or fish

chicken/oxtail/fish/tomato soup 

7. bisque /biːsk/
a thick soup, especially one that is made from shellfish

8. borscht /bɔːrʃt/
(n.) 羅宋湯

a type of soup made from beetroot (= a small, dark red vegetable)

9. buffalo wings /ˈbʌf.ə.loʊ ˌwɪŋz/
(n.) 辣雞翅

fried chicken wings covered in a spicy sauce

10. omelet  /ˈɑː.mə.lət/
(n.) 歐姆蛋

a dish made by mixing eggs together and frying them, often with small pieces of other food such as cheese or vegetables

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Part 2

11. carbonara /ˌkɑːr.bəˈnɑːr.ə/
(n.) 奶油培根 
used to describe a sauce made with eggs and bacon

spaghetti carbonara 

12. caviar /ˈkæv.i.ɑːr/
(n.) 魚子醬
the eggs of various large fish, especially the sturgeon, eaten as food. Caviar is usually very expensive.

13. couscous /ˈkuːs.kuːs/
(n.) 北非小米

a food, originally from North Africa, consisting of crushed wheat, that is often served with meat or vegetables

14. crepe/kreɪp/
(n.) 薄烤餅

a thin, light pancake

15. croissant /kwɑːˈsɑ̃ː/
(n.)  可頌麵包
a piece of light crescent-shaped pastry, usually eaten in the morning

16. curry/ˈkɝː.i/
(n.) 咖喱菜餚

a dish, originally from South Asia, consisting of meat or vegetables cooked in a spicy sauce

vegetable/chicken/lamb curry 

17. falafel/fəˈlɑː.fəl/
(n.) 炸豆丸子

fried balls of spicy food made from chickpeas

18. seafood /ˈsiː.fuːd/
(n.) 海鮮

animals from the sea that can be eaten, especially fish or sea creatures with shells

19. shrimp cocktail /ˌʃrɪmp ˈkɑːk.teɪl/
(n.) 雞尾冷蝦

shrimp served cold in a glass with a spicy tomato sauce, usually eaten as an appetizer

20. hamburger /ˈhæmˌbɝː.ɡɚ/
(n.) 漢堡

a round, flat piece of minced beef, fried and usually eaten between two halves of a bread roll

a king-size hamburger 

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Part 3

21. pizza /ˈpiːt.sə/
(n.) 披薩 
a large circle of a flatbread baked with cheese, tomatoes, and sometimes meat and vegetables spread on top

a slice of pizza

a deep-pan (US deep-dish) pizza

22. macaroni /ˌmæk.əˈroʊ.ni/
(n.) 通心麵 
a type of pasta in the shape of small tubes

macaroni cheese 

23. pasta /ˈpɑː.stə/
(n.) 義大利麵食

a food made from flour, water, and sometimes egg, that is cooked and usually served with a sauce. It is made in various shapes that have different names

Spaghetti and lasagne are all types of pasta. 義大利粉和千層麵都屬於義大利麵食。

24. spaghetti /spəˈɡet̬.i/
(n.) 義大利式細麵條

pasta made in the form of long, thin strings

25. sandwich /ˈsæn.wɪtʃ/
(n.) 三明治麵包

two pieces of bread with cheese, salad, or meat, usually cold, between them

a tuna/ham sandwich 鮪魚/火腿三明治

26. tortilla /tɔːrˈtiː.jə/
(n.)  墨西哥玉米薄餅
a type of thin, round Mexican bread made from maize or wheat flour

27. Caesar salad /ˌsiː.zɚ ˈsæl.əd/
(n.) 凱薩沙拉

a salad containing lettuce with small pieces of fried bread, mixed with a dressing containing oil, lemon juice, egg, and parmesan cheese

28. steak /steɪk/
(n.)  牛排
aa thick, flat piece of meat or fish, especialy meat from a cow

T-bone/sirloin steaks T骨/沙朗牛排

29. roast chicken /roʊstˈ tʃɪk.ɪn /
(n.)  烤雞
an oven chicken

30. meatloaf /ˌmiːt ˈloʊf/
(n.)  (肉碎做成的)肉捲
meat cut into extremely small pieces, mixed with other things, cooked in a container, and then cut into slices to be eaten

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Describe to your tutor about what you see in this picture.