english for kids 17-2

Unit 04 :
Vegetables、Beans and Nuts 蔬菜、豆類與堅果


Let’s learn about different kinds of vegetables!

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Part 1

1. arugula /əˈruː.ɡə.lə/
(n.) 芝麻菜 
a plant whose long, green leaves are used in salads

2. asparagus /əˈsper.ə.ɡəs/
(n.) 蘆筍
a plant with pale green, juicy stems that are cooked and eaten as a vegetable

3. broccoli /ˈbrɑː.kəl.i/
(n.) 花椰菜

a vegetable with a green stem or stems and a mass or several masses of flower buds at the top. There are several kinds of broccoli

4. bell pepper/ˈbel ˌpep.ɚ/
(n.)  甜椒
a vegetable that is usually green, red, or yellow, has a rounded shape, and is hollow with seeds in the middle

a red/green pepper 

5. cabbage /ˈkæb.ɪdʒ/ 
(n.) 捲心菜

a large, round vegetable with large green, white, or purple leaves that can be eaten cooked or uncooked

6. carrot /ˈker.ət/
(n.) 胡蘿蔔

a long pointed orange root is eaten as a vegetable

7. cauliflower /ˈkɑː.ləˌflaʊ.ɚ/
a large, round, white vegetable that is eaten cooked or uncooked

8. celery /ˈsel.ɚ.i/
(n.) 芹菜

a vegetable with long, thin, whitish or pale green stems that can be eaten uncooked or cooked

a stick of celery 

9. chilli /ˈtʃɪl.i/
(n.) 辣椒

the small, red or green seed case from particular types of pepper plant that is used to make some foods very hot and spicy

10. corn /kɔːrn/
(n.) 玉米

a tall plant grown in many parts of the world for its yellow seeds, which are eaten as food, made into flour or fed to animals

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Part 2

11. cucumber /ˈkjuː.kʌm.bɚ/
(n.) 黃瓜 
a long, thin, pale green vegetable with dark green skin, usually eaten uncooked in salads

12. eggplant /ˈeɡ.plænt/
(n.) 茄子
an oval, purple vegetable that is white inside and is usually eaten cooked

13. mushroom /ˈmʌʃ.ruːm/
(n.) 蘑菇

a fungus with a round top and short stem. Some types of mushroom can be eaten

14. onion/ˈʌn.jən/
(n.) 洋蔥

a vegetable with a strong smell and flavor, made up of several layers surrounding each other tightly in a round shape.

15. potato /pəˈteɪ.t̬oʊ/
(n.)  馬鈴薯
a round vegetable that grows underground and has white flesh with light brown, red, or pink skin, or the plant on which these grow

boiled/roasted/fried potatoes 

16. pumpkin/ˈpʌmp.kɪn/
(n.) 南瓜

a large, round vegetable with hard, yellow or orange flesh

17. sweet potato /ˌswiːt pəˈteɪ.t̬oʊ/
(n.) 番薯

a pink vegetable that looks like a potato and has yellow or white flesh and a sweet taste

18. lettuce /ˈlet̬.ɪs/
(n.) 萵苣

a plant with large, green leaves, eaten uncooked in salads

19. almond /ˈɑːl.mənd/
(n.) 杏仁

an edible oval nut with a hard shell, or the tree that it grows on

20. chestnut  /ˈtʃes.nʌt/
(n.) 栗子

a large, brown nut that grows on a sweet chestnut tree, often cooked and eaten hot

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Part 2

21. hazelnut /ˈheɪ.zəl.nʌt/
(n.) 榛果 
a nut with a hard, brown shell. Hazelnuts come from the hazel tree.

22. pecan /piːˈkɑːn/
(n.) 胡桃 
a type of long nut with a rough surface and a smooth reddish-brown shell

pecan pie 

23. peanut /ˈpiː.nʌt/
(n.) 花生

an oval-shaped nut that grows underground in pairs inside a thin brown shell

peanut oil 

24. walnut /ˈwɑːl.nʌt/
(n.) 核桃

a nut with a slightly bitter taste and a series of folds in it and a hard shell, or the tree that produces these nuts

25. soybean /ˈsɔɪ.ə ˌbiːn/
(n.) 黃豆

a small bean grown originally in Asia used as a food for people and animals

26. adzuki bean /ædˈzuː.ki/
(n.)  紅豆
a sweet, red bean used in Chinese and Japanese cooking

27. chickpea /ˈtʃɪk.piː/
(n.) 鷹嘴豆

a hard, pale brown, round bean that can be cooked and eaten

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Describe to your tutor about what you see in this picture.