Unit 01 :
Fruit 水果類單字


Let’s learn about different kinds of fruits!

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Part 1

1. apple /ˈæpəl/
(n.) 蘋果 
 a round fruit with red, yellow, or green skin and firm white flesh

An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

2. avocado /ˌævəˈkɑːdəʊ/ 
(n.) 酪梨
a fruit with rough dark green or purple skin, smooth light green flesh, and a large seed in the middle — often used before another noun

3. banana /bəˈnænə/
(n.) 香蕉

a long curved fruit with a thick peel that is yellow when it is ripe

A director who has slipped on a banana skin.

4. cherry /ˈtʃeri/
(n.) 櫻桃

a small round fruit that is usually red or black

5. coconut  /ˈkoʊkəˌnʌt/
(n.)  椰子
a large fruit that has a thick shell with white flesh and liquid inside it and that grows on a palm tree

6. durian  /ˈdʒʊə.ri.ən/
(n.) 榴槤

a large, oval, tropical fruit with a hard skin covered in sharp points, yellow, orange, or red flesh, and a very strong smell

7. grape /ˈgreɪp/
(n.) 葡萄

a green, dark red, or purplish-black berry that is used to make wine or is eaten as a fruit

A bunch of seedless grapes.

I love grapefruit because it cures constip.

8. grapefruit /ˈgreɪpˌfruːt/
a large yellow citrus fruit

9. guava /ˈgwɑːvə/
(n.) 芭樂

the sweet yellow fruit of a tropical American tree

10. honeydew melon  /ˈhʌniˌduː-/
(n.) 哈密瓜

a type of large fruit (called a melon) that has a hard, smooth skin and green flesh

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Part 2

11. lemon /ˈlɛmən/
(n.) 檸檬
a yellow citrus fruit that has a sour taste

Would you like a slice of lemon in your tea?

12. lychee /ˈlaɪ.tʃiː/
(n.) 荔枝
a fruit with a rough, brown shell and sweet, white flesh around a large, shiny, brown seed, or the evergreen tree

13. orange /ˈɒr.ɪndʒ/
(n.) 柳橙

a round sweet fruit that has thick orange skin and an orange center divided into many parts

a glass of orange juice 

14. kiwi /ˈkiː.wiː/
(n.) 奇異果

an oval fruit with brown skin covered in hairs and bright green flesh

15. mulberry /ˈmʌl.ber.i/
(n.)  桑葚
a small soft purple fruit, or the tree that has these fruit

16. mango /ˈmæŋ.ɡoʊ/ 
(n.) 芒果

an oval tropical fruit with smooth skin, orange-yellow flesh, and a large, hard seed in the middle

17. papaya /pəˈpaɪ.ə/
(n.) 木瓜

large oval fruit with a yellowish skin and sweet orange flesh, or the tropical tree on which this grows

18. passion fruit /ˈpæʃ.ən ˌfruːt/
(n.) 百香果

a small fruit with thick purple or yellow skin and many seeds

19. pear /per/
(n.) 西洋梨

a sweet fruit, usually with green skin and a lot of juice, that has a round base and is slightly pointed towards the stem

The pear tree they planted has never borne fruit.

20. persimmon /pɚˈsɪm.ən/ 
(n.) 柿子

a very sweet orange tropical fruit

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Part 2

21. pineapple /ˈpaɪnˌæp.əl/
(n.) 鳳梨
large tropical fruit with a rough orange or brown skin and pointed leaves on top

22. dragon fruit /ˈdræɡ.ən ˌfruːt/
(n.) 火龍果

the fruit of a cactus that has bright red skin and white or red flesh with many small black seeds

23. plum /plʌm/
small, round fruit with a thin, smooth, red, purple, or yellow skin, sweet, soft flesh, and a single large, hard seed

24. tangerine /ˈtæn.dʒə.riːn/
(n.) 橘子

fruit like a small orange with a loose skin

25. tomato /təˈmeɪ.t̬oʊ/
(n.)  番茄
a round, red fruit with a lot of seeds, eaten cooked or uncooked as a vegetable, for example in salads or sauces

26. pomelo /ˈpɑː.mə.loʊ/
(n.) 柚子

a fruit similar to a grapefruit but larger and sweeter, with pale green or yellow skin and white flesh

27. strawberry/ˈstrɑːˌber.i/
(n.) 草莓

a small juicy red fruit that has small brown seeds on its surface, or the plant with white flowers on which this fruit grows

28. starfruit /ˈstɑːr.fruːt/
(n.) 楊桃

a yellow tropical fruit with smooth skin and five-pointed, curved parts, making a star shape when you cut through it

29. sugar cane  /ˈʃʊɡ.ɚ ˌkeɪn/
(n.) 甘蔗

a tropical plant from whose tall thick stems sugar can be got

30. watermelon /ˈwɑː.t̬ɚˌmel.ən/
(n.) 西瓜

a large, round or oval-shaped fruit with dark green skin, sweet pink flesh, and a lot of black seeds

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Exsercise 1

Match these fruits!

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Exsercise 2

Describe to your tutor about what you see in this picture.