Unit 18 :
Leaving work early




Repeat these sentences with your teacher first.

1. sort out (v.)
an occasion when you put things in order or in their correct place

2. closes (v.)
to (cause something to) change from being open to not being open

3. excellent (adj.)
extremely good

4. complete (v.)
to make whole or perfect

5. though (adv.)
despite the fact that

6. understanding (n.)
knowledge about a subject, situation, etc. or about how something works

7. smoothly (adv.)
easily and without interruption or difficulty



Read the dialogue aloud with your teacher.



Would it be okay if I left work a bit early tomorrow? I need to go to the bank and sort out a few things.

Sure. When are you thinking of leaving?

The bank closes at 4:30. If I could leave at 4, that would be excellent.  I’ll make sure to complete all my work before I go.

OK. It would be best if you could come in early tomorrow to make up the time though.

Sure. I’ll do that. Thanks for your understanding! I’ll be reachable on Facebook if you need me.

Great! Hope everything goes smoothly.



Read the article with your teacher.

East v. West: making up time at work

One big difference between offices in East and West is that usually if you take time off work, you don’t need to make up that time on a different day. The same thing is true of festivals and national holidays. When Westerners come to work in the East, they are always surprised to hear that they must come in on a Saturday or Sunday to make up the time missed because of a festival. For Westerners, holidays are holidays: they do not require workers to give up their weekend.

Of course, not all offices are the same. If your job involves doing lots of projects, you might need to put in some extra time. But that is the decision of the worker, not the management. When a long holiday, such as Christmas, is coming in the West, everyone knows that they should finish their work beforehand. It would be pretty rare to see the office open on a weekend.




Answer the following questions to your teacher.

1. Can you get fired for leaving work early?
2. For you, what are the advantages and disadvantages of leaving working early?


Let’s practice

Choose the correct answer.

1. If I ____ the assignment by 5 o’clock, I can go out to play.

A. delay
B. close
C. end
D. complete

2. Last Friday, I worked overtime to ____ the mess because my job didn’t go ____ due to ____ mistakes of other people.

progression / smoothly / handle / operation / fluently / set