Unit 18 :
Following a presentation




Repeat these sentences with your teacher first.

1. policies(n.)
a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations that has been agreed to officially by a group of people, a business organization, a government, or a political party

2. time off(phr.)
a period of time when you do not work because of illness or holidays, or because your employer has given you permission to do something else

3. public holiday(n.)
a day when almost everyone in a particular country does not have to go to work or school

4. moving on(phr.)
to leave the place where you are staying and go somewhere else

5. maternity leave(n.)
to leave the place where you are staying and go somewhere else

6. sick leave(n.)
time away from work because of illness



Read the dialogue aloud with your teacher.



Thanks for coming to today’s presentation on leave policies. Before I start, does anyone know how much annual leave you’re allowed?

Isn’t it fifteen days?

Right, and that leads me to my first point. It’s important to put in your holiday requests early, so we can schedule everybody’s time off.

What if we take time off on a public holiday?

In that case, you still get holiday pay. Moving on, if you are a new mother, you can get a year of maternity leave.

Wow, that’s great.

Yep, it is. And finally, sick leave. Everyone gets nine sick days per year. Does anyone have any questions before we finish?

Can I take a sick day now? I’m feeling sick.



Read the article with your teacher.

The paid and unpaid leaves of absence in U.S.

In the U.S., requirements regarding leaves of absence vary from state to state and some leaves of absence are required by Federal laws.

Bereavement time is an example of a leave of absence during which employers pay the employee for a certain number of days and then, the employee can extend the time away from work by applying for an unpaid leave.

Jury duty is another example of a paid leave of absence that is required by law in most jurisdictions, although the employer may set policies about how long they are willing to pay the employee’s salary for an extended trial.

Employees might want to take unpaid leaves of absence in the following cases: Caring for a sick family member who is not a member of their immediate family, obtaining medical treatment in another country, an extended visit to an employee’s home country to see family, extra time for parental leave past the 12 weeks that are allotted by the Family and Medical Leave Act, and time away from work to deal with the estate of a loved one.




Answer the following questions to your teacher.

1.How do you ask for a day off?

2.What is the best excuse to miss work?


Let’s practice

Choose the correct answer.

1. The phrase Annual leave means?

A.a paid time off work once a year unpaid time off work once a month 
C.a paid time off work once a season unpaid time off work twice a week

2. “Exercising regularly will pay dividends in the end”.

A.It requires a great deal of time to exercise regularly.
B.Exercising regularly costs a lot of money.
C.Exercising regularly will do harm to one’s health.
D.One will at last benefit from regular exercising.